NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590: specs and benchmarks

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590


NVIDIA started GeForce GTX 590 sales 24 March 2011 at a recommended price of $699. This is Fermi architecture desktop card based on 40 nm manufacturing process and primarily aimed at gamers. 3072 MB (1536 MB per GPU) of GDDR5 memory clocked at 1.71 GHz are supplied, and together with 768-bit (384-bit per GPU) memory interface this creates a bandwidth of 327.7 GB/s.

Compatibility-wise, this is dual slot card attached via PCIe 2.0 x16 interface. Its manufacturer default version has a length of 11" (280 mm) (27.9 cm). Two 8-pin power connector is required, and power consumption is at 365 Watt.

It provides poor gaming and benchmark performance at 12.75 percent of a leader's which is AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT.

General info

Of GeForce GTX 590's architecture, market type and release date.

Place in our rating
Value for money (0-100)
GPU code name
Market segment
Launch date
24 March 2011 (10 years ago)
Launch price (MSRP)
Price now
$600 (0.9x MSRP)

Technical specs

GeForce GTX 590's general performance parameters such as number of shaders, GPU base clock, manufacturing process, texturing and calculation speed. These parameters indirectly speak of GeForce GTX 590's performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider its benchmark and gaming test results.

Pipelines / CUDA cores
of 10752 (GA102)
CUDA cores
Core clock speed
607 MHz
Number of transistors
3,000 million
Manufacturing process technology
40 nm
Thermal design power (TDP)
365 Watt
of 900 (Tesla S2050)
Maximum GPU temperature
97 °C
Texture fill rate
77.7 billion/sec
Floating-point performance
2x 1,244.2 gflops
of 2918.4 (GRID K340)

Compatibility, dimensions and requirements

Information on GeForce GTX 590's compatibility with other computer components. Useful when choosing a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. For desktop video cards it's interface and bus (motherboard compatibility), additional power connectors (power supply compatibility).

Bus support
16x PCI-E 2.0
PCIe 2.0 x16
11" (280 mm) (27.9 cm)
4.376" (111 mm) (11.1 cm)
Supplementary power connectors
Two 8-pin
SLI options


Parameters of memory installed on GeForce GTX 590: its type, size, bus, clock and resulting bandwidth. Note that GPUs integrated into processors don't have dedicated memory and use a shared part of system RAM.

Memory type
Maximum RAM amount
3072 MB (1536 MB per GPU)
Memory bus width
768-bit (384-bit per GPU)
of 6144 (GRID A100A)
Memory clock speed
1707 MHz
of 19500 (GeForce RTX 3090)
Memory bandwidth
327.7 GB/s
of 1024 (Radeon Pro VII)
Shared memory

Video outputs and ports

Types and number of video connectors present on GeForce GTX 590. As a rule, this section is relevant only for desktop reference video cards, since for notebook ones the availability of certain video outputs depends on the laptop model.

Display Connectors
3x DVI, 1x mini-DisplayPort
Display Connectors
Three Dual Link DVI-IMini DisplayPort
Multi monitor support
Maximum VGA resolution
Audio input for HDMI

API support

APIs supported by GeForce GTX 590, sometimes including their particular versions.

12 (11_0)
Shader Model

Benchmark performance

Non-gaming benchmark performance of GeForce GTX 590. Note that overall benchmark performance is measured in points in 0-100 range.

Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.


3DMark Fire Strike Graphics

Fire Strike is a DirectX 11 benchmark for gaming PCs. It features two separate tests displaying a fight between a humanoid and a fiery creature seemingly made of lava. Using 1920x1080 resolution, Fire Strike shows off some realistic enough graphics and is quite taxing on hardware.


3DMark 11 Performance GPU

3DMark 11 is an obsolete DirectX 11 benchmark by Futuremark. It used four tests based on two scenes, one being few submarines exploring the submerged wreck of a sunken ship, the other is an abandoned temple deep in the jungle. All the tests are heavy with volumetric lighting and tessellation, and despite being done in 1280x720 resolution, are relatively taxing. Discontinued in January 2020, 3DMark 11 is now superseded by Time Spy.


3DMark Vantage Performance

3DMark Vantage is an outdated DirectX 10 benchmark using 1280x1024 screen resolution. It taxes the graphics card with two scenes, one depicting a girl escaping some militarized base located within a sea cave, the other displaying a space fleet attack on a defenseless planet. It was discontinued in April 2017, and Time Spy benchmark is now recommended to be used instead.



This is probably the most ubiquitous benchmark, part of Passmark PerformanceTest suite. It gives the graphics card a thorough evaluation under various load, providing four separate benchmarks for Direct3D versions 9, 10, 11 and 12 (the last being done in 4K resolution if possible), and few more tests engaging DirectCompute capabilities.


Mining hashrates

Cryptocurrency mining performance of GeForce GTX 590. Usually measured in megahashes per second.

Bitcoin / BTC (SHA256)
107 Mh/s

Game benchmarks

Let's see how good GeForce GTX 590 is for gaming. Particular gaming benchmark results are measured in frames per second. Comparisons with game system requirements are included, but remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect reality inaccurately.

This video card matches 86% minimum and 73% recommended requirements of all games known to us.


Here are the average frames per second in a large set of popular games across different resolutions:


AMD equivalent

We believe that the nearest equivalent to GeForce GTX 590 from AMD is Radeon R7 260X, which is slower by 7% and lower by 18 positions in our rating.

Here are some closest AMD rivals to GeForce GTX 590:

Similar GPUs

Here is our recommendation of several graphics cards that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

User rating

Here you can see the user rating of the graphics card, as well as rate it yourself.

Advices and comments

Here you can ask a question about GeForce GTX 590, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.