NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590: specs and benchmarks



NVIDIA started GeForce GTX 590 sales 24 March 2011 at a recommended price of $699 . This is a desktop graphics card based on a Fermi architecture and made with 40 nm manufacturing process. It is primarily aimed at gamer market. 3072 MB (1536 MB per GPU) of GDDR5 memory clocked at 1.71 GHz are supplied, and together with 768-bit (384-bit per GPU) memory interface this creates a bandwidth of 327.7 GB/s.

Compatibility-wise, this is dual slot card attached via PCIe 2.0 x16 interface. Its manufacturer default version has a length of 11" (280 mm) (27.9 cm). Two 8-pin power connector is required, and power consumption is at 365 Watt.

It provides poor gaming and benchmark performance at 8.61% of a leader's which is NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090.

RTX 4090GeForce RTX4090

General info

Some basic facts about GeForce GTX 590: architecture, market segment, release date etc.

Place in performance ranking453
Place by popularitynot in top-100
Value for money0.45
ArchitectureFermi (2010−2014)
GPU code nameGF110
Market segmentDesktop
Release date24 March 2011 (12 years old)
Launch price (MSRP)$699
Current price$600 (0.9x MSRP)of 168889 (A100 PCIe 80 GB)
Value for money

Performance to price ratio. The higher, the better.

Technical specs

GeForce GTX 590's specs such as number of shaders, GPU base clock, manufacturing process, texturing and calculation speed. These parameters indirectly speak of GeForce GTX 590's performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider its benchmark and gaming test results.

Pipelines / CUDA cores1024of 20480 (Data Center GPU Max NEXT)
CUDA cores1024
Core clock speed607 MHzof 2610 (Radeon RX 6500 XT)
Number of transistors3,000 millionof 14400 (GeForce GTX 1080 SLI Mobile)
Manufacturing process technology40 nmof 4 (GeForce RTX 4080)
Power consumption (TDP)365 Wattof 2400 (Data Center GPU Max Subsystem)
Maximum GPU temperature97 °C
Texture fill rate77.7 billion/secof 969.9 (H100 SXM5 96 GB)
Floating-point performance2x 1,244.2 gflopsof 16384 (Radeon Pro Duo)

Size and compatibility

This section provides details about the physical dimensions of GeForce GTX 590 and its compatibility with other computer components. This information is useful when selecting a computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. For desktop graphics cards, it includes details about the interface and bus (for motherboard compatibility) and additional power connectors (for power supply compatibility).

Bus support16x PCI-E 2.0
InterfacePCIe 2.0 x16
Length11" (280 mm) (27.9 cm)
Height4.376" (111 mm) (11.1 cm)
Supplementary power connectorsTwo 8-pin
SLI options+


Parameters of memory installed on GeForce GTX 590: its type, size, bus, clock and resulting bandwidth. Note that GPUs integrated into processors have no dedicated memory and use a shared part of system RAM instead.

Memory typeGDDR5
Maximum RAM amount3072 MB (1536 MB per GPU)of 192 (Radeon Instinct MI300X)
Memory bus width768-bit (384-bit per GPU)of 19000 (GeForce RTX 3080 12 GB)
Memory clock speed1707 MHzof 23000 (GeForce RTX 4080 SUPER)
Memory bandwidth327.7 GB/sof 3276 (Aldebaran)
Shared memory-

Video outputs and ports

Types and number of video connectors present on GeForce GTX 590. As a rule, this section is relevant only for desktop reference graphics cards, since for notebook ones the availability of certain video outputs depends on the laptop model, while non-reference desktop models can (though not necessarily will) bear a different set of video ports.

Display ConnectorsThree Dual Link DVI-IMini DisplayPort
Multi monitor support+
Maximum VGA resolution2048x1536
Audio input for HDMIInternal

API support

APIs supported by GeForce GTX 590, sometimes including their particular versions.

DirectX12 (11_0)
Shader Model5.1
OpenGL4.2of 4.6 (GeForce GTX 1080 Mobile)

Benchmark performance

Synthetic benchmark performance of GeForce GTX 590. The combined score is measured on a 0-100 point scale.

Combined synthetic benchmark score

This is our combined benchmark performance score. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.


This is probably the most ubiquitous benchmark, part of Passmark PerformanceTest suite. It gives the graphics card a thorough evaluation under various load, providing four separate benchmarks for Direct3D versions 9, 10, 11 and 12 (the last being done in 4K resolution if possible), and few more tests engaging DirectCompute capabilities.

Benchmark coverage: 25%

GTX 590 3341

3DMark Vantage Performance

3DMark Vantage is an outdated DirectX 10 benchmark using 1280x1024 screen resolution. It taxes the graphics card with two scenes, one depicting a girl escaping some militarized base located within a sea cave, the other displaying a space fleet attack on a defenseless planet. It was discontinued in April 2017, and Time Spy benchmark is now recommended to be used instead.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

GTX 590 25720

3DMark 11 Performance GPU

3DMark 11 is an obsolete DirectX 11 benchmark by Futuremark. It used four tests based on two scenes, one being few submarines exploring the submerged wreck of a sunken ship, the other is an abandoned temple deep in the jungle. All the tests are heavy with volumetric lighting and tessellation, and despite being done in 1280x720 resolution, are relatively taxing. Discontinued in January 2020, 3DMark 11 is now superseded by Time Spy.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

GTX 590 9167

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics

Fire Strike is a DirectX 11 benchmark for gaming PCs. It features two separate tests displaying a fight between a humanoid and a fiery creature seemingly made of lava. Using 1920x1080 resolution, Fire Strike shows off some realistic graphics and is quite taxing on hardware.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

GTX 590 6680

GeekBench 5 OpenCL

Geekbench 5 is a widespread graphics card benchmark combined from 11 different test scenarios. All these scenarios rely on direct usage of GPU's processing power, no 3D rendering is involved. This variation uses OpenCL API by Khronos Group.

Benchmark coverage: 9%

GTX 590 11950

Mining hashrates

Cryptocurrency mining performance of GeForce GTX 590. Usually measured in megahashes per second.

Bitcoin / BTC (SHA256) 107 Mh/s  

Gaming performance

Let's see how good GeForce GTX 590 is for gaming. Particular gaming benchmark results are measured in frames per second. Comparisons with game system requirements are included, but remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect reality inaccurately.

Average FPS across all PC games

Here are the average frames per second in a large set of popular modern games across different resolutions:

Full HD109

Performance in popular games

Full HD
Low Preset

Cyberpunk 2077 12−14

Full HD
Medium Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 18−20
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 10−12
Battlefield 5 27−30
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 24−27
Cyberpunk 2077 12−14
Far Cry 5 21−24
Far Cry New Dawn 21−24
Forza Horizon 4 30−33
Hitman 3 21−24
Horizon Zero Dawn 16−18
Red Dead Redemption 2 14−16
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 18−20
Watch Dogs: Legion 14−16

Full HD
High Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 18−20
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 10−12
Battlefield 5 27−30
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 24−27
Cyberpunk 2077 12−14
Far Cry 5 21−24
Far Cry New Dawn 21−24
Forza Horizon 4 30−33
Hitman 3 21−24
Horizon Zero Dawn 16−18
Metro Exodus 12−14
Red Dead Redemption 2 14−16
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 18−20
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 18−20
Watch Dogs: Legion 14−16

Full HD
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 18−20
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 10−12
Battlefield 5 27−30
Cyberpunk 2077 12−14
Far Cry 5 21−24
Far Cry New Dawn 21−24
Forza Horizon 4 30−33
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 18−20
Watch Dogs: Legion 14−16

High Preset

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 12−14
Hitman 3 14−16
Horizon Zero Dawn 14−16
Metro Exodus 7−8
Red Dead Redemption 2 6−7
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 10−12

Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 7−8
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 3−4
Battlefield 5 12−14
Cyberpunk 2077 4−5
Far Cry 5 12−14
Far Cry New Dawn 12−14
Forza Horizon 4 14−16
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 8−9
Watch Dogs: Legion 3−4

High Preset

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 6−7
Hitman 3 8−9
Horizon Zero Dawn 8−9
Metro Exodus 2−3
Red Dead Redemption 2 5−6
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 4−5
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 6−7

Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 4−5
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 3−4
Battlefield 5 6−7
Cyberpunk 2077 1−2
Far Cry 5 7−8
Far Cry New Dawn 10−11
Forza Horizon 4 10−12
Watch Dogs: Legion 2−3

Relative perfomance

GeForce GTX 590's performance compared to nearest competitors among desktop video cards.

AMD equivalent

According to our data, the closest AMD alternative to GeForce GTX 590 is Radeon RX 560X, which is slower by 4% and lower by 8 positions in our ranking.

RX 560XRadeon RX560X

Here are some closest AMD rivals to GeForce GTX 590:

NVIDIA GeForce GTX 590 100
AMD Bonaire 95.35

Similar GPUs

Here is our recommendation of several graphics cards that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

GTX 470GeForce GTX470
GTX 560 TiGeForce GTX560 Ti
HD 6970Radeon HD6970
GTX 750 TiGeForce GTX750 Ti
GTX 570GeForce GTX570
GTX 480GeForce GTX480

Recommended processors

These processors are most commonly used with GeForce GTX 590 according to our statistics.

User ratings: view and submit

Here you can see the user rating of the graphics card, as well as rate it yourself.

3.9 42 votes

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Questions and comments

Here you can ask a question about GeForce GTX 590, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.