AMD Radeon R9 280X: specs and benchmarks

AMD Radeon R9 280X

Summary

AMD started Radeon R9 280X sales 8 October 2013 at a recommended price of $299. This is GCN architecture desktop card based on 28 nm manufacturing process and primarily aimed at gamers. 3 GB of GDDR5 memory clocked at are supplied, and together with 384 Bit memory interface this creates a bandwidth of 288 GB/s.

Compatibility-wise, this is dual-slot card attached via PCIe 3.0 x16 interface. Its manufacturer default version has a length of 275 mm. 1 x 6-pin + 1 x 8-pin power connector is required, and power consumption is at 250 Watt.

It provides poor gaming and benchmark performance at 22.36 percent of a leader's which is AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT.

General info

Of Radeon R9 280X's architecture, market type and release date.

Place in our rating
 
Value for money (0-100)
3.04
 
Architecture
GCN
 
GPU code name
Thaiti XTL
 
Market segment
Desktop
 
Design
reference
 
Launch date
8 October 2013 (7 years ago)
 
Launch price (MSRP)
$299
 
Price now
$276 (0.9x MSRP)
 

Technical specs

Radeon R9 280X's general performance parameters such as number of shaders, GPU base clock, manufacturing process, texturing and calculation speed. These parameters indirectly speak of Radeon R9 280X's performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider its benchmark and gaming test results.

Pipelines / CUDA cores
2048
 
of 10752 (GA102)
Boost clock speed
1000 MHz
 
Number of transistors
4,313 million
 
Manufacturing process technology
28 nm
 
Thermal design power (TDP)
250 Watt
 
of 900 (Tesla S2050)
Texture fill rate
128.0
 
Floating-point performance
4,096 gflops
 
of 2918.4 (GRID K340)

Compatibility, dimensions and requirements

Information on Radeon R9 280X's compatibility with other computer components. Useful when choosing a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. For desktop video cards it's interface and bus (motherboard compatibility), additional power connectors (power supply compatibility).

Bus support
PCIe 3.0
 
Interface
PCIe 3.0 x16
 
Length
275 mm
 
Supplementary power connectors
1 x 6-pin + 1 x 8-pin
 

Memory

Parameters of memory installed on Radeon R9 280X: its type, size, bus, clock and resulting bandwidth. Note that GPUs integrated into processors don't have dedicated memory and use a shared part of system RAM.

Memory type
GDDR5
 
Maximum RAM amount
3 GB
 
Memory bus width
384 Bit
 
of 6144 (GRID A100A)
Memory bandwidth
288 GB/s
 
of 1024 (Radeon VII)
Shared memory
-
 

Video outputs and ports

Types and number of video connectors present on Radeon R9 280X. As a rule, this section is relevant only for desktop reference video cards, since for notebook ones the availability of certain video outputs depends on the laptop model.

Display Connectors
2x DVI, 1x HDMI, 1x DisplayPort
 
Eyefinity
+
 
HDMI
+
 
DisplayPort support
+
 

Technologies

Technological solutions and APIs supported by Radeon R9 280X. You'll probably need this information if you need some particular technology for your purposes.

AppAcceleration
+
 
CrossFire
+
 
FreeSync
+
 
HD3D
+
 
LiquidVR
+
 
TressFX
+
 
TrueAudio
+
 
UVD
+
 
DDMA audio
+
 

API support

APIs supported by Radeon R9 280X, sometimes including their particular versions.

DirectX
DirectX® 12
 
Shader Model
5.1
 
OpenGL
4.6
 
OpenCL
1.2
 
Vulkan
+
 

Benchmark performance

Non-gaming benchmark performance of Radeon R9 280X. Note that overall benchmark performance is measured in points in 0-100 range.

Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

22.36

3DMark Cloud Gate GPU

Cloud Gate is an outdated DirectX 11 feature level 10 benchmark that was used for home PCs and basic notebooks. It displays a few scenes of some weird space teleportation device launching spaceships into unknown, using fixed resolution of 1280x720. Just like Ice Storm benchmark, it has been discontinued in January 2020 and replaced by 3DMark Night Raid.

52117

3DMark Fire Strike Score

7368

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics

Fire Strike is a DirectX 11 benchmark for gaming PCs. It features two separate tests displaying a fight between a humanoid and a fiery creature seemingly made of lava. Using 1920x1080 resolution, Fire Strike shows off some realistic enough graphics and is quite taxing on hardware.

8343

3DMark 11 Performance GPU

3DMark 11 is an obsolete DirectX 11 benchmark by Futuremark. It used four tests based on two scenes, one being few submarines exploring the submerged wreck of a sunken ship, the other is an abandoned temple deep in the jungle. All the tests are heavy with volumetric lighting and tessellation, and despite being done in 1280x720 resolution, are relatively taxing. Discontinued in January 2020, 3DMark 11 is now superseded by Time Spy.

10792

3DMark Vantage Performance

3DMark Vantage is an outdated DirectX 10 benchmark using 1280x1024 screen resolution. It taxes the graphics card with two scenes, one depicting a girl escaping some militarized base located within a sea cave, the other displaying a space fleet attack on a defenseless planet. It was discontinued in April 2017, and Time Spy benchmark is now recommended to be used instead.

33045

Unigine Heaven 3.0

This is an old DirectX 11 benchmark using Unigine, a 3D game engine by eponymous Russian company. It displays a fantasy medieval town sprawling over several flying islands. Version 3.0 was released in 2012, and in 2013 it was superseded by Heaven 4.0, which introduced several slight improvements, including a newer version of Unigine.

95

3DMark Ice Storm GPU

Ice Storm Graphics is an obsolete benchmark, part of 3DMark suite. Ice Storm was used to measure entry level laptops and Windows-based tablets performance. It utilizes DirectX 11 feature level 9 to display a battle between two space fleets near a frozen planet in 1280x720 resolution. Discontinued in January 2020, it is now superseded by 3DMark Night Raid.

285376

Unigine Heaven 4.0

This is an old DirectX 11 benchmark, a newer version of Unigine 3.0 with relatively small differences. It displays a fantasy medieval town sprawling over several flying islands. The benchmark is still sometimes used, despite its significant age, as it was released back in 2013.

1017

Passmark

This is probably the most ubiquitous benchmark, part of Passmark PerformanceTest suite. It gives the graphics card a thorough evaluation under various load, providing four separate benchmarks for Direct3D versions 9, 10, 11 and 12 (the last being done in 4K resolution if possible), and few more tests engaging DirectCompute capabilities.

5837

Mining hashrates

Cryptocurrency mining performance of Radeon R9 280X. Usually measured in megahashes per second.

Bitcoin / BTC (SHA256)
494 Mh/s
 
 
Decred / DCR (Decred)
1.07 Gh/s
 
 
Ethereum / ETH (DaggerHashimoto)
14.42 Mh/s
 
 
Monero / XMR (CryptoNight)
0.5 kh/s
 
 
Zcash / ZEC (Equihash)
285 Sol/s
 
 

Game benchmarks

Let's see how good Radeon R9 280X is for gaming. Particular gaming benchmark results are measured in frames per second. Comparisons with game system requirements are included, but remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect reality inaccurately.

This video card matches 96% minimum and 83% recommended requirements of all games known to us.

Minimum
96%
Recommended
83%
Minimum
96%
Recommended
83%

Here are the average frames per second in a large set of popular games across different resolutions:

1080p
 
64
 
4K
 
28
 

NVIDIA equivalent

We believe that the nearest equivalent to Radeon R9 280X from NVIDIA is GeForce GTX 770, which is nearly equal in speed and higher by 1 position in our rating.

Here are some closest NVIDIA rivals to Radeon R9 280X:

Similar GPUs

Here is our recommendation of several graphics cards that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

User rating

Here you can see the user rating of the graphics card, as well as rate it yourself.

Advices and comments

Here you can ask a question about Radeon R9 280X, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.