GeForce GTX 680: specs and benchmarks

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Aggregate performance score

GeForce GTX 680 provides acceptable gaming and benchmark performance at 14.35% of a leader's which is GeForce RTX 4090.

Summary

NVIDIA started GeForce GTX 680 sales 22 March 2012 at a recommended price of $499 . This is a desktop graphics card based on a Kepler architecture and made with 28 nm manufacturing process. It is primarily aimed at gamer market. 2048 MB of GDDR5 memory clocked at 6 GHz are supplied, and together with 256-bit GDDR5 memory interface this creates a bandwidth of 192.2 GB/s.

Compatibility-wise, this is dual-slot card attached via PCIe 3.0 x16 interface. Its manufacturer default version has a length of 10.0" (25.4 cm). Two 6-pin power connector is required, and power consumption is at 195 Watt.

Primary details

Some basic facts about GeForce GTX 680: architecture, market segment, release date etc.

Place in performance ranking340
Place by popularitynot in top-100
Cost-effectiveness evaluation5.13
ArchitectureKepler (2012−2018)
GPU code nameGK104
Market segmentDesktop
Release date22 March 2012 (12 years ago)
Launch price (MSRP)$499
Current price$156 (0.3x MSRP)of 168889 (A100 PCIe 80 GB)

Cost-effectiveness evaluation

Performance to price ratio. The higher, the better.

Detailed specifications

GeForce GTX 680's specs such as number of shaders, GPU base clock, manufacturing process, texturing and calculation speed. These parameters indirectly speak of GeForce GTX 680's performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider its benchmark and gaming test results.

Pipelines / CUDA cores1536of 20480 (Data Center GPU Max NEXT)
CUDA cores1536
Core clock speed1006 MHzof 2610 (Radeon RX 6500 XT)
Boost clock speed1058 MHzof 3599 (Radeon RX 7990 XTX)
Number of transistors3,540 millionof 14400 (GeForce GTX 1080 SLI Mobile)
Manufacturing process technology28 nmof 4 (H100 PCIe)
Power consumption (TDP)195 Wattof 2400 (Data Center GPU Max Subsystem)
Texture fill rate128.8 billion/secof 969.9 (H100 SXM5 96 GB)
Floating-point performance3,090.4 gflopsof 16384 (Radeon Pro Duo)

Form factor & compatibility

This section provides details about the physical dimensions of GeForce GTX 680 and its compatibility with other computer components. This information is useful when selecting a computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. For desktop graphics cards, it includes details about the interface and bus (for motherboard compatibility) and additional power connectors (for power supply compatibility).

Bus supportPCI Express 3.0
InterfacePCIe 3.0 x16
Length10.0" (25.4 cm)
Height4.376" (11.1 cm)
Width2-slot
Supplementary power connectorsTwo 6-pin
SLI options+

VRAM capacity and type

Parameters of memory installed on GeForce GTX 680: its type, size, bus, clock and resulting bandwidth. Note that GPUs integrated into processors have no dedicated memory and use a shared part of system RAM instead.

Memory typeGDDR5
Maximum RAM amount2048 MBof 192 (Radeon Instinct MI300X)
Memory bus width256-bit GDDR5of 8192 (Radeon Instinct MI250X)
Memory clock speed6000 MHzof 23000 (GeForce RTX 4080 SUPER)
Memory bandwidth192.2 GB/sof 3276 (Aldebaran)
Shared memory-

Connectivity and outputs

Types and number of video connectors present on GeForce GTX 680. As a rule, this section is relevant only for desktop reference graphics cards, since for notebook ones the availability of certain video outputs depends on the laptop model, while non-reference desktop models can (though not necessarily will) bear a different set of video ports.

Display ConnectorsOne Dual Link DVI-I, One Dual Link DVI-D, One HDMI, One DisplayPort
Multi monitor support4 displays
HDMI+
HDCP+
Maximum VGA resolution2048x1536
Audio input for HDMIInternal

API compatibility

APIs supported by GeForce GTX 680, sometimes including their particular versions.

DirectX12 (11_0)
Shader Model5.1
OpenGL4.2of 4.6 (GeForce GTX 1080 Mobile)
OpenCL1.2
Vulkan1.1.126
CUDA+

Benchmark performance

Synthetic benchmark performance of GeForce GTX 680. The combined score is measured on a 0-100 point scale.


Combined synthetic benchmark score

This is our combined benchmark performance score. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

GTX 680 14.35

Passmark

This is the most ubiquitous GPU benchmark, part of Passmark PerformanceTest suite. It gives the graphics card a thorough evaluation under various types of load, providing four separate benchmarks for Direct3D versions 9, 10, 11 and 12 (the last being done in 4K resolution if possible), and few more tests engaging DirectCompute capabilities.

Benchmark coverage: 25%

GTX 680 5550

3DMark 11 Performance GPU

3DMark 11 is an obsolete DirectX 11 benchmark by Futuremark. It used four tests based on two scenes, one being few submarines exploring the submerged wreck of a sunken ship, the other is an abandoned temple deep in the jungle. All the tests are heavy with volumetric lighting and tessellation, and despite being done in 1280x720 resolution, are relatively taxing. Discontinued in January 2020, 3DMark 11 is now superseded by Time Spy.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

GTX 680 10217

3DMark Vantage Performance

3DMark Vantage is an outdated DirectX 10 benchmark using 1280x1024 screen resolution. It taxes the graphics card with two scenes, one depicting a girl escaping some militarized base located within a sea cave, the other displaying a space fleet attack on a defenseless planet. It was discontinued in April 2017, and Time Spy benchmark is now recommended to be used instead.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

GTX 680 29702

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics

Fire Strike is a DirectX 11 benchmark for gaming PCs. It features two separate tests displaying a fight between a humanoid and a fiery creature made of lava. Using 1920x1080 resolution, Fire Strike shows off some realistic graphics and is quite taxing on hardware.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

GTX 680 7587

3DMark Cloud Gate GPU

Cloud Gate is an outdated DirectX 11 feature level 10 benchmark that was used for home PCs and basic notebooks. It displays a few scenes of some weird space teleportation device launching spaceships into unknown, using fixed resolution of 1280x720. Just like Ice Storm benchmark, it has been discontinued in January 2020 and replaced by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

GTX 680 47130

GeekBench 5 OpenCL

Geekbench 5 is a widespread graphics card benchmark combined from 11 different test scenarios. All these scenarios rely on direct usage of GPU's processing power, no 3D rendering is involved. This variation uses OpenCL API by Khronos Group.

Benchmark coverage: 9%

GTX 680 18415

3DMark Ice Storm GPU

Ice Storm Graphics is an obsolete benchmark, part of 3DMark suite. Ice Storm was used to measure entry level laptops and Windows-based tablets performance. It utilizes DirectX 11 feature level 9 to display a battle between two space fleets near a frozen planet in 1280x720 resolution. Discontinued in January 2020, it is now superseded by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 8%

GTX 680 247306

GeekBench 5 Vulkan

Geekbench 5 is a widespread graphics card benchmark combined from 11 different test scenarios. All these scenarios rely on direct usage of GPU's processing power, no 3D rendering is involved. This variation uses Vulkan API by AMD & Khronos Group.

Benchmark coverage: 5%

GTX 680 17476

GeekBench 5 CUDA

Geekbench 5 is a widespread graphics card benchmark combined from 11 different test scenarios. All these scenarios rely on direct usage of GPU's processing power, no 3D rendering is involved. This variation uses CUDA API by NVIDIA.

Benchmark coverage: 4%

GTX 680 13248

Octane Render OctaneBench

This is a special benchmark measuring graphics card performance in OctaneRender, which is a realistic GPU rendering engine by OTOY Inc., available either as a standalone program, or as a plugin for 3DS Max, Cinema 4D and many other apps. It renders four different static scenes, then compares render times with a reference GPU which is currently GeForce GTX 980. This benchmark has nothing to do with gaming and is aimed at professional 3D graphics artists.

Benchmark coverage: 4%

GTX 680 54

Unigine Heaven 4.0

This is an old DirectX 11 benchmark, a newer version of Unigine 3.0 with relatively small differences. It displays a fantasy medieval town sprawling over several flying islands. The benchmark is still sometimes used, despite its significant age, as it was released back in 2013.

Benchmark coverage: 1%

GTX 680 964

Gaming performance

Let's see how good GeForce GTX 680 is for gaming. Particular gaming benchmark results are measured in frames per second. Comparisons with game system requirements are included, but remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect reality inaccurately.

Average FPS across all PC games

Here are the average frames per second in a large set of popular modern games across different resolutions:

900p45
Full HD75
4K24

FPS performance in popular games

Full HD
Low Preset

Cyberpunk 2077 21−24

Full HD
Medium Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 30−33
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 24−27
Battlefield 5 45−50
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 35−40
Cyberpunk 2077 21−24
Far Cry 5 35−40
Far Cry New Dawn 35−40
Forza Horizon 4 50−55
Hitman 3 35−40
Horizon Zero Dawn 30−33
Red Dead Redemption 2 24−27
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 30−33
Watch Dogs: Legion 27−30

Full HD
High Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 30−33
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 24−27
Battlefield 5 45−50
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 35−40
Cyberpunk 2077 21−24
Far Cry 5 35−40
Far Cry New Dawn 35−40
Forza Horizon 4 50−55
Hitman 3 35−40
Horizon Zero Dawn 30−33
Metro Exodus 21−24
Red Dead Redemption 2 24−27
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 30−33
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 42
Watch Dogs: Legion 27−30

Full HD
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 30−33
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 24−27
Battlefield 5 45−50
Cyberpunk 2077 21−24
Far Cry 5 35−40
Far Cry New Dawn 35−40
Forza Horizon 4 50−55
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 22
Watch Dogs: Legion 27−30

1440p
High Preset

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 21−24
Hitman 3 21−24
Horizon Zero Dawn 20−22
Metro Exodus 12−14
Red Dead Redemption 2 10−11
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 18−20

1440p
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 14−16
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 10−12
Battlefield 5 30−33
Cyberpunk 2077 7−8
Far Cry 5 21−24
Far Cry New Dawn 24−27
Forza Horizon 4 27−30
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 14−16
Watch Dogs: Legion 9−10

4K
High Preset

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 10−11
Hitman 3 12−14
Horizon Zero Dawn 10−11
Metro Exodus 7−8
Red Dead Redemption 2 8−9
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 9−10
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 16

4K
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 8−9
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 7−8
Battlefield 5 14−16
Cyberpunk 2077 2−3
Far Cry 5 10−12
Far Cry New Dawn 14−16
Forza Horizon 4 20−22
Watch Dogs: Legion 5−6

Closest competitors

GeForce GTX 680's performance relative to its closest rivals among desktop graphics cards.


Radeon R9 280 100.21
GeForce GTX 680 100
Tonga 99.79
Radeon E8950 98.68

AMD equivalent

According to our data, the closest AMD alternative to GeForce GTX 680 is Radeon HD 7990, which is nearly equal in speed and higher by 3 positions in our ranking.

Here are some closest AMD rivals to GeForce GTX 680:

Radeon R9 280 100.21
GeForce GTX 680 100
Tonga 99.79
Radeon E8950 98.68

Similar GPUs

Here is our recommendation of several graphics cards that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

Recommended processors

These processors are most commonly used with GeForce GTX 680 according to our statistics.

Community ratings

Here you can see the user rating of the graphics card, as well as rate it yourself.


3.8 558 votes

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Questions & comments

Here you can ask a question about GeForce GTX 680, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.