GeForce RTX 4090: specs and benchmarks

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Aggregate performance score

GeForce RTX 4090 provides outstanding gaming and benchmark performance and is currently a leader of our rating.

Summary

NVIDIA started GeForce RTX 4090 sales 20 September 2022 at a recommended price of $1,599 . This is a high-end Ada Lovelace architecture desktop card based on 5 nm manufacturing process and primarily aimed at gamers. 24 GB of GDDR6X memory clocked at 21 GHz are supplied, and together with 384 Bit memory interface this creates a bandwidth of 1,008 GB/s.

Compatibility-wise, this is triple-slot card attached via PCIe 4.0 x16 interface. Its manufacturer default version has a length of 304 mm. 1x 16-pin power connector is required, and power consumption is at 450 Watt.

Primary details

Some basic facts about GeForce RTX 4090: architecture, market segment, release date etc.

Place in performance ranking1
Place by popularity2
Cost-effectiveness evaluation15.18
ArchitectureAda Lovelace
GPU code nameAD102-300-A1
Market segmentDesktop
Release date20 September 2022 (1 year ago)
Launch price (MSRP)$1,599
Current price$1756 (1.1x MSRP)of 168889 (A100 PCIe 80 GB)

Cost-effectiveness evaluation

Performance to price ratio. The higher, the better.

Detailed specifications

GeForce RTX 4090's specs such as number of shaders, GPU base clock, manufacturing process, texturing and calculation speed. These parameters indirectly speak of GeForce RTX 4090's performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider its benchmark and gaming test results.

Pipelines / CUDA cores16384of 20480 (Data Center GPU Max NEXT)
Core clock speed2235 MHzof 2610 (Radeon RX 6500 XT)
Boost clock speed2520 MHzof 3599 (Radeon RX 7990 XTX)
Number of transistors76,300 millionof 14400 (GeForce GTX 1080 SLI Mobile)
Manufacturing process technology5 nmof 4 (H100 PCIe)
Power consumption (TDP)450 Wattof 2400 (Data Center GPU Max Subsystem)
Texture fill rate1,290of 969.9 (H100 SXM5 96 GB)

Form factor & compatibility

This section provides details about the physical dimensions of GeForce RTX 4090 and its compatibility with other computer components. This information is useful when selecting a computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. For desktop graphics cards, it includes details about the interface and bus (for motherboard compatibility) and additional power connectors (for power supply compatibility).

InterfacePCIe 4.0 x16
Length304 mm
Width3-slot
Supplementary power connectors1x 16-pin

VRAM capacity and type

Parameters of memory installed on GeForce RTX 4090: its type, size, bus, clock and resulting bandwidth. Note that GPUs integrated into processors have no dedicated memory and use a shared part of system RAM instead.

Memory typeGDDR6X
Maximum RAM amount24 GBof 192 (Radeon Instinct MI300X)
Memory bus width384 Bitof 8192 (Radeon Instinct MI250X)
Memory clock speed21000 MHzof 23000 (GeForce RTX 4080 SUPER)
Memory bandwidth1,008 GB/sof 3276 (Aldebaran)
Shared memory-

Connectivity and outputs

Types and number of video connectors present on GeForce RTX 4090. As a rule, this section is relevant only for desktop reference graphics cards, since for notebook ones the availability of certain video outputs depends on the laptop model, while non-reference desktop models can (though not necessarily will) bear a different set of video ports.

Display Connectors1x HDMI 2.1, 3x DisplayPort 1.4a
HDMI+

API compatibility

APIs supported by GeForce RTX 4090, sometimes including their particular versions.

DirectX12 Ultimate (12_2)
Shader Model6.6
OpenGL4.6
OpenCL3.0
Vulkan1.3
CUDA8.9

Benchmark performance

Synthetic benchmark performance of GeForce RTX 4090. The combined score is measured on a 0-100 point scale.


Combined synthetic benchmark score

This is our combined benchmark performance score. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

RTX 4090 100.00

Passmark

This is the most ubiquitous GPU benchmark, part of Passmark PerformanceTest suite. It gives the graphics card a thorough evaluation under various types of load, providing four separate benchmarks for Direct3D versions 9, 10, 11 and 12 (the last being done in 4K resolution if possible), and few more tests engaging DirectCompute capabilities.

Benchmark coverage: 25%

RTX 4090 38692

3DMark Vantage Performance

3DMark Vantage is an outdated DirectX 10 benchmark using 1280x1024 screen resolution. It taxes the graphics card with two scenes, one depicting a girl escaping some militarized base located within a sea cave, the other displaying a space fleet attack on a defenseless planet. It was discontinued in April 2017, and Time Spy benchmark is now recommended to be used instead.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

RTX 4090 137170

3DMark 11 Performance GPU

3DMark 11 is an obsolete DirectX 11 benchmark by Futuremark. It used four tests based on two scenes, one being few submarines exploring the submerged wreck of a sunken ship, the other is an abandoned temple deep in the jungle. All the tests are heavy with volumetric lighting and tessellation, and despite being done in 1280x720 resolution, are relatively taxing. Discontinued in January 2020, 3DMark 11 is now superseded by Time Spy.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

RTX 4090 104937

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics

Fire Strike is a DirectX 11 benchmark for gaming PCs. It features two separate tests displaying a fight between a humanoid and a fiery creature made of lava. Using 1920x1080 resolution, Fire Strike shows off some realistic graphics and is quite taxing on hardware.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

RTX 4090 73174

3DMark Cloud Gate GPU

Cloud Gate is an outdated DirectX 11 feature level 10 benchmark that was used for home PCs and basic notebooks. It displays a few scenes of some weird space teleportation device launching spaceships into unknown, using fixed resolution of 1280x720. Just like Ice Storm benchmark, it has been discontinued in January 2020 and replaced by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

RTX 4090 250667

3DMark Ice Storm GPU

Ice Storm Graphics is an obsolete benchmark, part of 3DMark suite. Ice Storm was used to measure entry level laptops and Windows-based tablets performance. It utilizes DirectX 11 feature level 9 to display a battle between two space fleets near a frozen planet in 1280x720 resolution. Discontinued in January 2020, it is now superseded by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 8%

RTX 4090 771257

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 maya-04

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 310

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 sw-03

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 127

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 snx-02

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 28

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 catia-04

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 265

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 creo-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 120

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 medical-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 268

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 showcase-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 437

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 energy-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 84

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 3dsmax-05

Benchmark coverage: 2%

RTX 4090 550

Gaming performance

Let's see how good GeForce RTX 4090 is for gaming. Particular gaming benchmark results are measured in frames per second. Comparisons with game system requirements are included, but remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect reality inaccurately.

Average FPS across all PC games

Here are the average frames per second in a large set of popular modern games across different resolutions:

Full HD265
1440p212
4K150

FPS performance in popular games

Full HD
Low Preset

Cyberpunk 2077 225

Full HD
Medium Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 235
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 287
Battlefield 5 190−200
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 170−180
Cyberpunk 2077 222
Far Cry 5 209
Far Cry New Dawn 178
Forza Horizon 4 300−350
Hitman 3 210−220
Horizon Zero Dawn 275
Red Dead Redemption 2 180−190
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 294
Watch Dogs: Legion 188

Full HD
High Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 221
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 248
Battlefield 5 190−200
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 170−180
Cyberpunk 2077 214
Far Cry 5 201
Far Cry New Dawn 171
Forza Horizon 4 300−350
Hitman 3 210−220
Horizon Zero Dawn 250
Metro Exodus 226
Red Dead Redemption 2 180−190
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 288
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 573
Watch Dogs: Legion 173

Full HD
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 179
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 220
Battlefield 5 190−200
Cyberpunk 2077 210
Far Cry 5 187
Far Cry New Dawn 154
Forza Horizon 4 300−350
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 305
Watch Dogs: Legion 153

1440p
High Preset

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 140−150
Hitman 3 210−220
Horizon Zero Dawn 237
Metro Exodus 177
Red Dead Redemption 2 90−95
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 271

1440p
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 155
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 183
Battlefield 5 190−200
Cyberpunk 2077 154
Far Cry 5 186
Far Cry New Dawn 152
Forza Horizon 4 280−290
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 268
Watch Dogs: Legion 152

4K
High Preset

Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 95−100
Hitman 3 120−130
Horizon Zero Dawn 187
Metro Exodus 137
Red Dead Redemption 2 60−65
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 186
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 280

4K
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 120
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 120
Battlefield 5 130−140
Cyberpunk 2077 80
Far Cry 5 173
Far Cry New Dawn 145
Forza Horizon 4 250−260
Watch Dogs: Legion 117

Closest competitors

GeForce RTX 4090's performance relative to its closest rivals among desktop graphics cards.


AMD equivalent

According to our data, the closest AMD alternative to GeForce RTX 4090 is Radeon RX 7900 XTX, which is slower by 20% and lower by 6 positions in our ranking.

Here are some closest AMD rivals to GeForce RTX 4090:

Similar GPUs

Here is our recommendation of several graphics cards that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

Recommended processors

These processors are most commonly used with GeForce RTX 4090 according to our statistics.

Community ratings

Here you can see the user rating of the graphics card, as well as rate it yourself.


3.7 11669 votes

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Questions & comments

Here you can ask a question about GeForce RTX 4090, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.