NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090: specs and benchmarks

Price now 2318$
Games supported 100%
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090
  • Interface PCIe 4.0 x16
  • Core clock speed 2235
  • Max video memory 24 GB
  • Memory type GDDR6X
  • Memory clock speed 21000
  • Maximum resolution
Year of release 2022
Performance 100.00


NVIDIA started GeForce RTX 4090 sales 20 September 2022 at a recommended price of $1,599. This is a high-end Ada Lovelace architecture desktop card based on 4 nm manufacturing process and primarily aimed at gamers. 24 GB of GDDR6X memory clocked at 21 GHz are supplied, and together with 384 Bit memory interface this creates a bandwidth of 1,008 GB/s.

Compatibility-wise, this is triple-slot card attached via PCIe 4.0 x16 interface. Its manufacturer default version has a length of 304 mm. 1x 16-pin power connector is required, and power consumption is at 450 Watt.

It provides outstanding gaming and benchmark performance and is currently a leader of our rating.


General info

Some basic facts about GeForce RTX 4090: architecture, market segment, release date etc.

Place in performance rating1
Place by popularity2
Value for money12.15
ArchitectureAda Lovelace
GPU code nameAD102-300-A1
Market segmentDesktop
Release date20 September 2022 (less than a year old)
Launch price (MSRP)$1,599
Current price$2318 (1.4x MSRP)of 49999 (A100 SXM4)
Value for money

Performance to price ratio. The higher, the better.

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Technical specs

GeForce RTX 4090's general performance parameters such as number of shaders, GPU base clock, manufacturing process, texturing and calculation speed. These parameters indirectly speak of GeForce RTX 4090's performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider its benchmark and gaming test results.

Pipelines / CUDA cores16384of 20480 (Data Center GPU Max NEXT)
Core clock speed2235 MHzof 2610 (Radeon RX 6500 XT)
Boost clock speed2520 MHzof 3599 (Radeon RX 7990 XTX)
Number of transistors76,300 millionof 14400 (GeForce GTX 1080 SLI Mobile)
Manufacturing process technology4 nm
Thermal design power (TDP)450 Wattof 2400 (Data Center GPU Max Subsystem)
Texture fill rate1,290of 969.9 (H100 SXM5 96 GB)

Dimensions and compatibility

Information on GeForce RTX 4090's compatibility with other computer components. Useful when choosing a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. For desktop graphics cards it's interface and bus (motherboard compatibility), additional power connectors (power supply compatibility).

InterfacePCIe 4.0 x16
Length304 mm
Supplementary power connectors1x 16-pin


Parameters of memory installed on GeForce RTX 4090: its type, size, bus, clock and resulting bandwidth. Note that GPUs integrated into processors have no dedicated memory and use a shared part of system RAM instead.

Memory typeGDDR6X
Maximum RAM amount24 GBof 128 (Radeon Instinct MI250X)
Memory bus width384 Bitof 8192 (Radeon Instinct MI250X)
Memory clock speed21000 MHzof 22400 (GeForce RTX 4080)
Memory bandwidth1,008 GB/sof 14400 (Radeon R7 M260)
Shared memory-

Video outputs and ports

Types and number of video connectors present on GeForce RTX 4090. As a rule, this section is relevant only for desktop reference graphics cards, since for notebook ones the availability of certain video outputs depends on the laptop model, while non-reference desktop models can (though not necessarily will) bear a different set of video ports.

Display Connectors1x HDMI 2.1, 3x DisplayPort 1.4a

API support

APIs supported by GeForce RTX 4090, sometimes including their particular versions.

DirectX12 Ultimate (12_2)
Shader Model6.6

Benchmark performance

Synthetic benchmark performance of GeForce RTX 4090. Overall performance is measured in points in 0-100 range.

Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

RTX 4090 100.00
  • Passmark
  • 3DMark Vantage Performance
  • 3DMark 11 Performance GPU
  • 3DMark Cloud Gate GPU
  • 3DMark Fire Strike Score
  • 3DMark Fire Strike Graphics
  • 3DMark Ice Storm GPU
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 maya-04
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 sw-03
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 snx-02
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 medical-01
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 catia-04
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 creo-01
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 energy-01
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 showcase-01
  • SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 3dsmax-05


This is probably the most ubiquitous benchmark, part of Passmark PerformanceTest suite. It gives the graphics card a thorough evaluation under various load, providing four separate benchmarks for Direct3D versions 9, 10, 11 and 12 (the last being done in 4K resolution if possible), and few more tests engaging DirectCompute capabilities.

Benchmark coverage: 24%

RTX 4090 39661

3DMark Vantage Performance

3DMark Vantage is an outdated DirectX 10 benchmark using 1280x1024 screen resolution. It taxes the graphics card with two scenes, one depicting a girl escaping some militarized base located within a sea cave, the other displaying a space fleet attack on a defenseless planet. It was discontinued in April 2017, and Time Spy benchmark is now recommended to be used instead.

Benchmark coverage: 16%

RTX 4090 131556

3DMark 11 Performance GPU

3DMark 11 is an obsolete DirectX 11 benchmark by Futuremark. It used four tests based on two scenes, one being few submarines exploring the submerged wreck of a sunken ship, the other is an abandoned temple deep in the jungle. All the tests are heavy with volumetric lighting and tessellation, and despite being done in 1280x720 resolution, are relatively taxing. Discontinued in January 2020, 3DMark 11 is now superseded by Time Spy.

Benchmark coverage: 16%

RTX 4090 104876

3DMark Cloud Gate GPU

Cloud Gate is an outdated DirectX 11 feature level 10 benchmark that was used for home PCs and basic notebooks. It displays a few scenes of some weird space teleportation device launching spaceships into unknown, using fixed resolution of 1280x720. Just like Ice Storm benchmark, it has been discontinued in January 2020 and replaced by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

RTX 4090 248433

3DMark Fire Strike Score

Benchmark coverage: 13%

RTX 4090 47404

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics

Fire Strike is a DirectX 11 benchmark for gaming PCs. It features two separate tests displaying a fight between a humanoid and a fiery creature seemingly made of lava. Using 1920x1080 resolution, Fire Strike shows off some realistic enough graphics and is quite taxing on hardware.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

RTX 4090 77224

3DMark Ice Storm GPU

Ice Storm Graphics is an obsolete benchmark, part of 3DMark suite. Ice Storm was used to measure entry level laptops and Windows-based tablets performance. It utilizes DirectX 11 feature level 9 to display a battle between two space fleets near a frozen planet in 1280x720 resolution. Discontinued in January 2020, it is now superseded by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 8%

RTX 4090 785081

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 maya-04

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 297

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 sw-03

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 127

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 snx-02

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 28

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 medical-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 268

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 catia-04

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 260

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 creo-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 119

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 energy-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 83

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 showcase-01

Benchmark coverage: 3%

RTX 4090 449

SPECviewperf 12 - specvp12 3dsmax-05

Benchmark coverage: 1%

RTX 4090 524

Gaming performance

Let's see how good GeForce RTX 4090 is for gaming. Particular gaming benchmark results are measured in frames per second. Comparisons with game system requirements are included, but remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect reality inaccurately.

Average FPS

Here are the average frames per second in a large set of popular modern games across different resolutions:

Full HD276

Popular games

  • Full HD
    Low Preset
  • Full HD
    Medium Preset
  • Full HD
    High Preset
  • Full HD
    Ultra Preset
  • 1440p
    High Preset
  • 1440p
    Ultra Preset
  • 4K
    High Preset
  • 4K
    Ultra Preset
Cyberpunk 2077 225
Assassin's Creed Odyssey 130−140
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 274
Battlefield 5 190−200
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 170−180
Cyberpunk 2077 222
Far Cry 5 209
Far Cry New Dawn 176
Forza Horizon 4 270−280
Hitman 3 210−220
Horizon Zero Dawn 220−230
Red Dead Redemption 2 190−200
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 288
Watch Dogs: Legion 183
Assassin's Creed Odyssey 130−140
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 235
Battlefield 5 190−200
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 170−180
Cyberpunk 2077 214
Far Cry 5 201
Far Cry New Dawn 170
Forza Horizon 4 270−280
Hitman 3 210−220
Horizon Zero Dawn 220−230
Metro Exodus 209
Red Dead Redemption 2 190−200
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 284
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 585
Watch Dogs: Legion 166
Assassin's Creed Odyssey 130−140
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 206
Battlefield 5 190−200
Cyberpunk 2077 210
Far Cry 5 187
Far Cry New Dawn 153
Forza Horizon 4 270−280
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 306
Watch Dogs: Legion 155
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 140−150
Hitman 3 210−220
Horizon Zero Dawn 160−170
Metro Exodus 172
Red Dead Redemption 2 90−95
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 269
Assassin's Creed Odyssey 95−100
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 173
Battlefield 5 190−200
Cyberpunk 2077 151
Far Cry 5 185
Far Cry New Dawn 152
Forza Horizon 4 230−240
Watch Dogs: Legion 149
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 95−100
Hitman 3 120−130
Horizon Zero Dawn 110−120
Metro Exodus 137
Red Dead Redemption 2 60−65
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 186
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 282
Assassin's Creed Odyssey 65−70
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 120
Battlefield 5 130−140
Cyberpunk 2077 79
Far Cry 5 173
Far Cry New Dawn 145
Forza Horizon 4 160−170
Watch Dogs: Legion 114

Relative perfomance

GeForce RTX 4090's performance compared to nearest competitors among desktop video cards.

AMD equivalent

According to our data, the closest equivalent to GeForce RTX 4090 by AMD is Radeon RX 7900 XTX, which is slower by 19% and lower by 3 positions in our rating.

AMD Radeon RX 7900 XTX Radeon RX 7900 XTX

Here are some closest AMD rivals to GeForce RTX 4090:

Similar GPUs

Here is our recommendation of several graphics cards that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4080 GeForce RTX 4080
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4070 Ti GeForce RTX 4070 Ti
AMD Radeon RX 7900 XTX Radeon RX 7900 XTX
NVIDIA GeForce RTX 3090 Ti GeForce RTX 3090 Ti
AMD Radeon RX 7900 XT Radeon RX 7900 XT
AMD Radeon RX 6950 XT Radeon RX 6950 XT

Recommended processors

These processors are most commonly used with GeForce RTX 4090 according to our statistics.

User rating

Here you can see the user rating of the graphics card, as well as rate it yourself.

3.8 3264 votes

Rate NVIDIA GeForce RTX 4090 on a scale of 1 to 5:

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Questions and comments

Here you can ask a question about GeForce RTX 4090, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.