AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X vs Intel Core i9-10980XE

General info

Comparing Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE processor market type (desktop or notebook), architecture, sales start time and price.

Place in our rating
Value for money (0-100)
Market segment
Desktop processor
Desktop processor
AMD Ryzen Threadripper
no data
Architecture codename
Cascade Lake
Launch date
7 February 2020 (1 year ago)
19 October 2019 (1 year ago)
Launch price (MSRP)
Price now
$5790 (1.4x MSRP)
$1062 (1.1x MSRP)

Technical specs

Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE basic parameters such as number of cores, number of threads, base frequency and turbo boost clock, lithography, cache size and multiplier lock state. These parameters indirectly say of CPU speed, though for more precise assessment you have to consider their test results.

Physical cores
64 (Tetrahexaconta-Core)
18 (Octadeca-Core)
Base clock speed
2.9 GHz
3 GHz
Boost clock speed
4.3 GHz
4.8 GHz
L1 cache
96K (per core)
64K (per core)
L2 cache
512K (per core)
1 MB (per core)
L3 cache
128 MB
24.75 MB (shared)
Chip lithography
7 nm, 12 nm
14 nm
Die size
74 mm2
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Maximum core temperature
no data
86 °C
Maximum case temperature (TCase)
95 °C
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Number of transistors
19,200 million
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64 bit support
Unlocked multiplier


Information on Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE compatibility with other computer components: motherboard (look for socket type), power supply unit (look for power consumption) etc. Useful when planning a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. Note that power consumption of some processors can well exceed their nominal TDP, even without overclocking. Some can even double their declared thermals given that the motherboard allows to tune the CPU power parameters.

Number of CPUs in a configuration
Thermal design power (TDP)
280 Watt
165 Watt

Technologies and extensions

Technological solutions and additional instructions supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE. You'll probably need this information if you require some particular technology.

Instruction set extensions
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Intel® SSE4.1, Intel® SSE4.2, Intel® AVX2, Intel® AVX-512
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Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)
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Turbo Boost Technology
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Hyper-Threading Technology
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Turbo Boost Max 3.0
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Security technologies

Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE technologies aimed at improving security, for example, by protecting against hacks.

no data
no data

Virtualization technologies

Virtual machine speed-up technologies supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE are enumerated here.

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Memory specs

Types, maximum amount and channel quantity of RAM supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE. Depending on the motherboards, higher memory frequencies may be supported.

Supported memory types
Maximum memory size
no data
256 GB
Max memory channels
Maximum memory bandwidth
102.403 GB/s
94 GB/s
ECC memory support


Specifications and connection of peripherals supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE.

PCIe version
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PCI Express lanes
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Benchmark performance

Various benchmark results of the processors in comparison. Overall score is measured in points in 0-100 range, higher is better.

Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

Ryzen Threadripper 3990X 91.02 +135.5%
i9-10980XE 38.65


Passmark CPU Mark is a widespread benchmark, consisting of 8 different types of workload, including integer and floating point math, extended instructions, compression, encryption and physics calculation. There is also one separate single-threaded scenario measuring single-core performance.

Ryzen Threadripper 3990X 79889 +135.5%
i9-10980XE 33926

Gaming performance

Let's see how good Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE are for gaming compared with game system requirements. Remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect real performance inaccurately. Also, your gaming PC must have a decent enough GPU to perform well.

Both CPUs satisfy the 100% minimum and 100% recommended requirements of all games known to us.


Competitors of Ryzen Threadripper 3990X from Intel

It seems that there's no Intel equivalent for Ryzen Threadripper 3990X. The nearest candidate is Core i9-10980XE, however, it's 58% slower and lower by 32 positions in our rating.

Here are some closest Intel rivals to Ryzen Threadripper 3990X:

Competitors of Core i9-10980XE from AMD

We believe that the nearest equivalent to Core i9-10980XE from AMD is Ryzen Threadripper PRO 3945WX, which is nearly equal in speed and lower by 1 position in our rating.

Here are some closest AMD rivals to Core i9-10980XE:

Advantages of AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X

135.5% faster (about 2.5 times) in synthetic tests

Somewhat newer (7 February 2020 vs 19 October 2019)

Finer manufacturing process technology (7 vs 14 nm)

AES (Advanced Encryption Standard instructions set - hardware acceleration of AES encryption and decryption. Speeds up encryption software, e.g. Veracrypt)

x86-64 (a general name for 64-bit extension of x86 instruction set. There are AMD64 and Intel 64 versions that differ very little)


Advantages of Intel Core i9-10980XE

Cheaper ($1062 vs $5790)

Higher boost clock speed (4800 vs 4300 MHz)

Higher base clock speed (3000 vs 2900 MHz)

Lower power consumption (165W vs 280W), meaning that the rival with higher TDP might require a better cooler or other thermal solution.

HyperThreading (allows one physical CPU function as two logical ones. It increases performance, since while one logical CPU is waiting for data, the second may still do useful work)

AES-NI (Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions - additional instructions for hardware acceleration of AES encryption and decryption)

TSX-NI (Transactional Synchronization Extensions New Instructions - hardware acceleration of multithreaded calculations for Intel CPUs)

Quick Sync (hardware acceleration of video encoding and decoding for Intel CPUs. Speeds up video encoding by times, but at the cost of somewhat lower quality)

vPro (a marketing umbrella term for several Intel technologies: AMT, TXT, EDB, VT, Anti-Theft and some others)

Intel 64 (64-bit Intel CPU architecture. Almost identical to AMD64, except small and rarely used nuances)

TXT (Trusted Execution Technology - protects the system against viruses and rootkits residing in BIOS or in a boot sector)

So, which one is the better CPU?

Judging by the results of synthetic and gaming tests, Technical City recommends AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X.

Should you still have questions on choice between Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE, ask them in Comments section, and we shall answer.

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AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X
Intel Core i9-10980XE

User rating

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Advices and comments

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