AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X vs Intel Core i9-10980XE

General info

Comparing Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE processor market type (desktop or notebook), architecture and sales start time and price.
Place in performance rating
Value for money (0-100)
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Architecture codename
Cascade Lake-X
Release date
7 February 2020
19 October 2019
Launch price (MSRP)
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Price now
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Technical specs

Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE quantitative parameters such as cores and threads number, clocks, manufacturing process, cache size and multiplier lock state. These parameters indirectly say of Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider their test results.
Number of cores
Number of threads
Base frequency
2.9 GHz
3 GHz
Maximum frequency
4.3 GHz
4.8 GHz
L1 cache
96K (per core)
64K (per core)
L2 cache
512K (per core)
1 MB (per core)
L3 cache
128 MB
24.75 MB (shared)
Manufacturing process technology
7 nm
14 nm
Die size
74 mm2
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Maximum core temperature
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86 °C
Maximum case temperature (TCase)
95 °C
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Transistor count
19,200 million
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64 bit support


Information on Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE compatibility with other computer components. Useful when choosing a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one.
Max number of CPUs in a configuration
Power consumption (TDP)
280 Watt
165 Watt

Technologies and extensions

Technological solutions and additional instructions supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE. You'll probably need this information if you require some particular technology.
Instruction set extensions
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Intel® SSE4.1, Intel® SSE4.2, Intel® AVX2, Intel® AVX-512
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Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)
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Turbo Boost
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Turbo Boost Max 3.0
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Security technologies

Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE technologies aimed at raising security, for example, by protecting against hacks.
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Virtualization technologies

Virtual machine speed-up technologies supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE are enumerated here.
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Memory specs

Types, maximum amount and channel number of RAM supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE.
Supported memory types
Maximum memory size
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256 GB
Max memory channels
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Graphics specifications

General parameters of GPUs integrated into Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE.
Integrated graphics
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Specifications and connection of peripherals supported by Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE.
PCIe revision
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Max number of PCIe lanes
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Benchmark performance

Non-gaming benchmarks performance of Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE. Overall benchmark performance is measured in points in 0-100 range.

Overall benchmark performance

Ryzen Threadripper 3990X 100.00 +130.6%
i9-10980XE 43.36


Ryzen Threadripper 3990X 79889 +130.6%
i9-10980XE 34643

Gaming performance

Let's see how good Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE are for gaming compared with game system requirements. Remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect real performance inaccurately.

Advantages of AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X

130.6% faster (about 2.5 times) in synthetic tests
Somewhat newer (7 February 2020 vs 19 October 2019)
Finer manufacturing process technology (7 vs 14 nm)
AES (Advanced Encryption Standard instructions set - hardware acceleration of AES encryption and decryption. Speeds up encryption software, e.g. Veracrypt)
AMD64 (AMD CPUs 64-bit architecture. Almost identical to Intel 64, save for some little and rarely used nuances)

Advantages of Intel Core i9-10980XE

Higher maximum frequency (4800 vs 4300 MHz)
Higher base frequency (3000 vs 2900 MHz)
Less power hungry (165 vs 280 watts)
HyperThreading (allows one physical CPU function as two logical ones. It increases performance, since while one logical CPU is waiting for data, the second may still do useful work)
AES-NI (Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions - additional instructions for hardware acceleration of AES encryption and decryption)
TSX-NI (Transactional Synchronization Extensions New Instructions - hardware acceleration of multithreaded calculations for Intel CPUs)
Quick Sync (hardware acceleration of video encoding and decoding for Intel CPUs. Speeds up video encoding by times, but at the cost of somewhat lower quality)
vPro (a marketing umbrella term for several Intel technologies: AMT, TXT, EDB, VT, Anti-Theft and some others)
Intel 64 (64-bit Intel CPU architecture. Almost identical to AMD64, except small and rarely used nuances)
TXT (Trusted Execution Technology - protects the system against viruses and rootkits residing in BIOS or in a boot sector)

So, Ryzen Threadripper 3990X or Core i9-10980XE?

Judging by the results of synthetic and gaming tests, Technical City recommends AMD Ryzen Threadripper 3990X.
Should you still have questions on choice between Ryzen Threadripper 3990X and Core i9-10980XE, ask them in Comments section, and we shall answer.

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