AMD Ryzen 9 5900X: specs and benchmarks

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AMD Ryzen 9 5900X
AMD Ryzen 9 5900X
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  • Interface
  • Core clock speed
  • Max video memory
  • Memory type
  • Memory clock speed
  • Maximum resolution
Year of release 2020
Performance 38.97

Summary

AMD started AMD Ryzen 9 5900X sales 8 October 2020 at a recommended price of $549. Based on Vermeer (Zen3) architecture, this desktop processor is primarily aimed at home systems. It has 12 cores and 24 threads, and is based on 7 nm manufacturing technology, with a max turbo frequency of 4800 MHz and an unlocked multiplier.

Compatibility-wise, this is AMD Socket AM4 processor with a TDP of 105 Watt and a maximum temperature of 95 °C. It supports DDR4-3200 memory.

It provides good benchmark performance at

38.97%

of a leader's which is AMD EPYC 7H12.

General info

Ryzen 9 5900X processor market type (desktop or notebook), architecture, sales start time and pricing.

Place in performance rating86
Place by popularity76
Value for money49.57
Market segmentDesktop processor
SeriesAMD Ryzen 9
Architecture codenameVermeer (Zen3) (2020)
Release date8 October 2020 (2 years ago)
Launch price (MSRP)$549of 305 (Core i7-870)
Current price$493 (0.9x MSRP)of 16317 (EPYC 7351)
Value for money

To get the index we compare the characteristics of the processors and their cost, taking into account the cost of other processors.

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Technical specs

Basic microprocessor parameters such as number of cores, number of threads, base frequency and turbo boost clock, lithography, cache size and multiplier lock state. These parameters can generally indicate CPU performance, but to be more precise you have to review its test results.

Physical cores12 (Dodeca-Core)
Threads24
Base clock speed3.7 GHzof 4.7 (FX-9590)
Boost clock speed4.8 GHzof 5.8 (Core i9-13900K)
L1 cache64K (per core)of 1536 (EPYC Embedded 3401)
L2 cache512K (per core)of 12288 (Core 2 Quad Q9550)
L3 cache64 MBof 32 (Ryzen Threadripper 1998)
Chip lithography7 nmof 5 (Apple M1)
Die size2x 80.7 + 125 (I/O) mm2
Maximum case temperature (TCase)95 °Cof 105 (Core i7-5950HQ)
64 bit support+
Windows 11 compatibility+
Unlocked multiplier+

Compatibility

Information on Ryzen 9 5900X compatibility with other computer components and devices: motherboard (look for socket type), power supply unit (look for power consumption) etc. Useful when planning a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. Note that power consumption of some processors can well exceed their nominal TDP, even without overclocking. Some can even double their declared thermals given that the motherboard allows to tune the CPU power parameters.

Number of CPUs in a configuration1of 8 (Opteron 842)
SocketAM4
Thermal design power (TDP)105 Wattof 400 (Xeon Platinum 9282)

Technologies and extensions

Technological capabilities and additional instructions supported by Ryzen 9 5900X. You'll probably need this information if you require some particular technology.

Instruction set extensions86x MMX(+), SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, SSE4A,-64, AMD-V, AES, AVX, AVX2, FMA3, SHA, Precision Boost 2
AES-NI+
AVX+

Virtualization technologies

Supported virtual machine optimization technologies. Some are specific to Intel only, some to AMD.

AMD-V+

Memory specs

Types, maximum amount and channel number of RAM supported by Ryzen 9 5900X's memory controller. Depending on the motherboard, higher memory frequency may be supported.

Supported memory typesDDR4-3200of 5200 (Ryzen 5 7600X)
Maximum memory size128 GBof 786 (Xeon E5-2670 v3)
Max memory channels2of 12 (Xeon Platinum 9221)
Maximum memory bandwidth51.196 GB/sof 281.6 (Xeon Platinum 9221)
ECC memory support-

Graphics specifications

General parameters of GPU integrated into Ryzen 9 5900X.

Integrated graphics card-

Peripherals

Specifications and connection types of supported peripherals.

PCIe version4.0of 5 (Core i9-12900K)

Benchmark performance

Single-core and multi-core benchmark results of Ryzen 9 5900X. Overall benchmark performance is measured in points in 0-100 range, higher is better.


Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

Ryzen 9 5900X 38.97
  • Passmark
  • GeekBench 5 Single-Core
  • GeekBench 5 Multi-Core
  • Cinebench 10 32-bit single-core
  • Cinebench 10 32-bit multi-core
  • 3DMark06 CPU
  • Cinebench 11.5 64-bit multi-core
  • Cinebench 15 64-bit multi-core
  • Cinebench 15 64-bit single-core
  • Cinebench 11.5 64-bit single-core
  • TrueCrypt AES
  • x264 encoding pass 2
  • x264 encoding pass 1
  • WinRAR 4.0

Passmark

Passmark CPU Mark is a widespread benchmark, consisting of 8 different types of workload, including integer and floating point math, extended instructions, compression, encryption and physics calculation. There is also one separate single-threaded scenario measuring single-core performance.

Benchmark coverage: 69%

Ryzen 9 5900X 39291

GeekBench 5 Single-Core

GeekBench 5 Single-Core is a cross-platform application developed in the form of CPU tests that independently recreate certain real-world tasks with which to accurately measure performance. This version uses only a single CPU core.

Benchmark coverage: 38%

Ryzen 9 5900X 1670

GeekBench 5 Multi-Core

GeekBench 5 Multi-Core is a cross-platform application developed in the form of CPU tests that independently recreate certain real-world tasks with which to accurately measure performance. This version uses all available CPU cores.

Benchmark coverage: 38%

Ryzen 9 5900X 13933

Cinebench 10 32-bit single-core

Cinebench R10 is an ancient ray tracing benchmark for processors by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. Its single core version uses just one CPU thread to render a futuristic looking motorcycle.

Benchmark coverage: 20%

Ryzen 9 5900X 6828

Cinebench 10 32-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 10 Multi Core is a variant of Cinebench R10 using all the processor threads. Possible number of threads is limited by 16 in this version.

Benchmark coverage: 20%

Ryzen 9 5900X 52076

3DMark06 CPU

3DMark06 is a discontinued DirectX 9 benchmark suite from Futuremark. Its CPU part contains two scenarios, one dedicated to artificial intelligence pathfinding, another to game physics using PhysX package.

Benchmark coverage: 19%

Ryzen 9 5900X 16438

Cinebench 11.5 64-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 11.5 Multi Core is a variant of Cinebench R11.5 which uses all the processor threads. A maximum of 64 threads is supported in this version.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

Ryzen 9 5900X 42

Cinebench 15 64-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 15 Multi Core (sometimes called Multi-Thread) is a variant of Cinebench R15 which uses all the processor threads.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

Ryzen 9 5900X 2252

Cinebench 15 64-bit single-core

Cinebench R15 (standing for Release 15) is a benchmark made by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. It was superseded by later versions of Cinebench, which use more modern variants of Cinema 4D engine. The Single Core version (sometimes called Single-Thread) only uses a single processor thread to render a room full of reflective spheres and light sources.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

Ryzen 9 5900X 248

Cinebench 11.5 64-bit single-core

Cinebench R11.5 is an old benchmark by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. It was superseded by later versions of Cinebench, which use more modern variants of Cinema 4D engine. The Single Core version loads a single thread with ray tracing to render a glossy room full of crystal spheres and light sources.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

Ryzen 9 5900X 3.1

TrueCrypt AES

TrueCrypt is a discontinued piece of software that was widely used for on-the-fly-encryption of disk partitions, now superseded by VeraCrypt. It contains several embedded performance tests, one of them being TrueCrypt AES, which measures data encryption speed using AES algorithm. Result is encryption speed in gigabytes per second.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 9 5900X 21

x264 encoding pass 2

x264 Pass 2 is a slower variant of x264 video compression that produces a variable bit rate output file, which results in better quality since the higher bit rate is used when it is needed more. Benchmark result is still measured in frames per second.  

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 9 5900X 191

x264 encoding pass 1

x264 version 4.0 is a video encoding benchmark uses MPEG 4 x264 compression method to compress a sample HD (720p) video. Pass 1 is a faster variant that produces a constant bit rate output file. Its result is measured in frames per second, which means how many frames of the source video file were encoded per second.  

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 9 5900X 335

WinRAR 4.0

WinRAR 4.0 is an outdated version of a popular file archiver. It contains an internal speed test, using 'Best' setting of RAR compression on large chunks of randomly generated data. Its results are measured in kilobytes per second.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 9 5900X 13361

Game benchmarks

Relative perfomance

Overall Ryzen 9 5900X performance compared to nearest competitors among desktop CPUs.


Intel equivalent

We believe that the nearest equivalent to Ryzen 9 5900X by Intel is Core i5-13600K, which is slower by 2% and lower by 4 positions in our rating.

Intel Core i5-13600K Core i5 13600K
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Here are some closest Intel rivals to Ryzen 9 5900X:

Similar processors

Here is our recommendation of several processors that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

AMD Ryzen 9 3950X Ryzen 9 3950X
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Intel Core i5-13600K Core i5 13600K
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Intel Core i5-13600KF Core i5 13600KF
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Intel Core i9-12900KF Core i9 12900KF
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Intel Core i9-12900F Core i9 12900F
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Intel Core i9-12900K Core i9 12900K
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Recommended graphics cards

These graphics cards are most commonly used with Ryzen 9 5900X according to our statistics.

User rating

Here is the rating given to the reviewed processor by our users. Let others know your opinion by rating it yourself.


4.6 1283 ratings

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