Radeon RX 590: specs and benchmarks


Aggregate performance score

Radeon RX 590 provides acceptable gaming and benchmark performance at 24.37% of a leader's which is GeForce RTX 4090.


AMD started Radeon RX 590 sales 15 November 2018 at a recommended price of $279 . This is a desktop graphics card based on a Polaris architecture and made with 12 nm manufacturing process. It is primarily aimed at gamer market. 8 GB of GDDR5 memory clocked at 8 GHz are supplied, and together with 256 Bit memory interface this creates a bandwidth of 256.0 GB/s.

Compatibility-wise, this is dual-slot card attached via PCIe 3.0 x16 interface. Its manufacturer default version has a length of 241 mm. 1x 8-pin power connector is required, and power consumption is at 175 Watt.

Primary details

Some basic facts about Radeon RX 590: architecture, market segment, release date etc.

Place in performance ranking208
Place by popularity88
Cost-effectiveness evaluation31.86
ArchitecturePolaris (2016−2019)
GPU code namePolaris 30
Market segmentDesktop
Release date15 November 2018 (5 years ago)
Launch price (MSRP)$279
Current price$133 (0.5x MSRP)of 168889 (A100 PCIe 80 GB)

Cost-effectiveness evaluation

Performance to price ratio. The higher, the better.

Detailed specifications

Radeon RX 590's specs such as number of shaders, GPU base clock, manufacturing process, texturing and calculation speed. These parameters indirectly speak of Radeon RX 590's performance, but for precise assessment you have to consider its benchmark and gaming test results.

Pipelines / CUDA cores2304of 20480 (Data Center GPU Max NEXT)
Core clock speed1469 MHzof 2610 (Radeon RX 6500 XT)
Boost clock speed1545 MHzof 3599 (Radeon RX 7990 XTX)
Number of transistors5,700 millionof 14400 (GeForce GTX 1080 SLI Mobile)
Manufacturing process technology12 nmof 4 (H100 PCIe)
Power consumption (TDP)175 Wattof 2400 (Data Center GPU Max Subsystem)
Texture fill rate222.5of 969.9 (H100 SXM5 96 GB)

Form factor & compatibility

This section provides details about the physical dimensions of Radeon RX 590 and its compatibility with other computer components. This information is useful when selecting a computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. For desktop graphics cards, it includes details about the interface and bus (for motherboard compatibility) and additional power connectors (for power supply compatibility).

InterfacePCIe 3.0 x16
Length241 mm
Supplementary power connectors1x 8-pin

VRAM capacity and type

Parameters of memory installed on Radeon RX 590: its type, size, bus, clock and resulting bandwidth. Note that GPUs integrated into processors have no dedicated memory and use a shared part of system RAM instead.

Memory typeGDDR5
Maximum RAM amount8 GBof 192 (Radeon Instinct MI300X)
Memory bus width256 Bitof 8192 (Radeon Instinct MI250X)
Memory clock speed8000 MHzof 23000 (GeForce RTX 4080 SUPER)
Memory bandwidth256.0 GB/sof 3276 (Aldebaran)
Shared memory-

Connectivity and outputs

Types and number of video connectors present on Radeon RX 590. As a rule, this section is relevant only for desktop reference graphics cards, since for notebook ones the availability of certain video outputs depends on the laptop model, while non-reference desktop models can (though not necessarily will) bear a different set of video ports.

Display Connectors1x HDMI, 3x DisplayPort

Supported technologies

Technological solutions and APIs supported by Radeon RX 590. You'll probably need this information if you need some particular technology for your purposes.


API compatibility

APIs supported by Radeon RX 590, sometimes including their particular versions.

DirectX12 (12_0)
Shader Model6.4

Benchmark performance

Synthetic benchmark performance of Radeon RX 590. The combined score is measured on a 0-100 point scale.

Combined synthetic benchmark score

This is our combined benchmark performance score. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

RX 590 24.37


This is the most ubiquitous GPU benchmark, part of Passmark PerformanceTest suite. It gives the graphics card a thorough evaluation under various types of load, providing four separate benchmarks for Direct3D versions 9, 10, 11 and 12 (the last being done in 4K resolution if possible), and few more tests engaging DirectCompute capabilities.

Benchmark coverage: 25%

RX 590 9416

3DMark 11 Performance GPU

3DMark 11 is an obsolete DirectX 11 benchmark by Futuremark. It used four tests based on two scenes, one being few submarines exploring the submerged wreck of a sunken ship, the other is an abandoned temple deep in the jungle. All the tests are heavy with volumetric lighting and tessellation, and despite being done in 1280x720 resolution, are relatively taxing. Discontinued in January 2020, 3DMark 11 is now superseded by Time Spy.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

RX 590 23363

3DMark Vantage Performance

3DMark Vantage is an outdated DirectX 10 benchmark using 1280x1024 screen resolution. It taxes the graphics card with two scenes, one depicting a girl escaping some militarized base located within a sea cave, the other displaying a space fleet attack on a defenseless planet. It was discontinued in April 2017, and Time Spy benchmark is now recommended to be used instead.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

RX 590 48454

3DMark Fire Strike Graphics

Fire Strike is a DirectX 11 benchmark for gaming PCs. It features two separate tests displaying a fight between a humanoid and a fiery creature made of lava. Using 1920x1080 resolution, Fire Strike shows off some realistic graphics and is quite taxing on hardware.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

RX 590 16814

3DMark Cloud Gate GPU

Cloud Gate is an outdated DirectX 11 feature level 10 benchmark that was used for home PCs and basic notebooks. It displays a few scenes of some weird space teleportation device launching spaceships into unknown, using fixed resolution of 1280x720. Just like Ice Storm benchmark, it has been discontinued in January 2020 and replaced by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

RX 590 86825

3DMark Ice Storm GPU

Ice Storm Graphics is an obsolete benchmark, part of 3DMark suite. Ice Storm was used to measure entry level laptops and Windows-based tablets performance. It utilizes DirectX 11 feature level 9 to display a battle between two space fleets near a frozen planet in 1280x720 resolution. Discontinued in January 2020, it is now superseded by 3DMark Night Raid.

Benchmark coverage: 8%

RX 590 397712

SPECviewperf 12 - Showcase

Benchmark coverage: 2%

RX 590 72

SPECviewperf 12 - 3ds Max

This part of SPECviewperf 12 benchmark emulates work with 3DS Max, executing eleven tests in various use scenarios, including architectural modeling and animation for computer games.

Benchmark coverage: 1%

RX 590 120

Gaming performance

Let's see how good Radeon RX 590 is for gaming. Particular gaming benchmark results are measured in frames per second. Comparisons with game system requirements are included, but remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect reality inaccurately.

Average FPS across all PC games

Here are the average frames per second in a large set of popular modern games across different resolutions:

Full HD101

FPS performance in popular games

Full HD
Low Preset

Cyberpunk 2077 40−45

Full HD
Medium Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 65
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 86
Battlefield 5 136
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 69
Cyberpunk 2077 40−45
Far Cry 5 90
Far Cry New Dawn 90
Forza Horizon 4 120
Hitman 3 55−60
Horizon Zero Dawn 158
Metro Exodus 124
Red Dead Redemption 2 91
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 137
Watch Dogs: Legion 72

Full HD
High Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 54
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 73
Battlefield 5 122
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 85
Cyberpunk 2077 40−45
Far Cry 5 55−60
Far Cry New Dawn 76
Forza Horizon 4 113
Hitman 3 55−60
Horizon Zero Dawn 139
Metro Exodus 83
Red Dead Redemption 2 76
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 90
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 88
Watch Dogs: Legion 59

Full HD
Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 39
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 62
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 46
Cyberpunk 2077 40−45
Far Cry 5 55
Forza Horizon 4 91
Horizon Zero Dawn 96
Metro Exodus 76
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 51
Watch Dogs: Legion 35

Full HD
Epic Preset

Red Dead Redemption 2 64

High Preset

Battlefield 5 45−50
Far Cry New Dawn 68
Hitman 3 35−40
Red Dead Redemption 2 25

Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 24−27
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 55
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 49
Cyberpunk 2077 14−16
Far Cry 5 40−45
Forza Horizon 4 45−50
Horizon Zero Dawn 72
Metro Exodus 58
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 70
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 27−30
Watch Dogs: Legion 25

High Preset

Far Cry 5 45−50
Far Cry New Dawn 36
Hitman 3 18−20
Horizon Zero Dawn 27−30
Shadow of the Tomb Raider 24
The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt 32

Ultra Preset

Assassin's Creed Odyssey 19
Assassin's Creed Valhalla 42
Battlefield 5 40
Call of Duty: Modern Warfare 30
Cyberpunk 2077 6−7
Forza Horizon 4 46
Horizon Zero Dawn 40
Metro Exodus 31
Watch Dogs: Legion 13

Epic Preset

Red Dead Redemption 2 30

Closest competitors

Radeon RX 590's performance relative to its closest rivals among desktop graphics cards.

NVIDIA equivalent

According to our data, the closest NVIDIA alternative to Radeon RX 590 is GeForce GTX 780 Ti, which is faster by 1% and higher by 3 positions in our ranking.

Here are some closest NVIDIA rivals to Radeon RX 590:

Similar GPUs

Here is our recommendation of several graphics cards that are more or less close in performance to the one reviewed.

Recommended processors

These processors are most commonly used with Radeon RX 590 according to our statistics.

Community ratings

Here you can see the user rating of the graphics card, as well as rate it yourself.

4.1 2201 vote

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Questions & comments

Here you can ask a question about Radeon RX 590, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.