AMD Ryzen 5 5600X vs Intel Core i5-12400F

Price now 312$
Games supported 100%
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
  • Interface
  • Core clock speed
  • Max video memory
  • Memory type
  • Memory clock speed
  • Maximum resolution
Intel Core i5-12400F
Intel Core i5-12400F
  • Interface
  • Core clock speed
  • Max video memory
  • Memory type
  • Memory clock speed
  • Maximum resolution
Price now 190$
Games supported 100%

General info

Comparing Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F processor market type (desktop or notebook), architecture, sales start time and price.

Place in performance rating264317
Value for money50.0672.26
Market segmentDesktop processorDesktop processor
SeriesAMD Ryzen 5no data
Architecture codenameVermeer (Zen3) (2020)Alder Lake-S (2022)
Release date8 October 2020 (1 year ago)4 January 2022 (less than a year ago)
Launch price (MSRP)$299no data
Current price$312 (1x MSRP)$190
Value for money

To get the index we compare the characteristics of the processors and their cost, taking into account the cost of other processors.

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Technical specs

Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F basic parameters such as number of cores, number of threads, base frequency and turbo boost clock, lithography, cache size and multiplier lock state. These parameters indirectly say of CPU speed, though for more precise assessment you have to consider their test results.

Physical cores6 (Hexa-Core)6 (Hexa-Core)
Base clock speed3.7 GHz2.5 GHz
Boost clock speed4.6 GHz4.4 GHz
L1 cache64K (per core)80K (per core)
L2 cache512K (per core)1.25 MB (per core)
L3 cache32 MB18 MB (shared)
Chip lithography7 nmIntel 7 nm
Die size2x 80.7 + 125 (I/O) mm2163 mm2
Maximum core temperatureno data100 °C
Maximum case temperature (TCase)95 °Cno data
64 bit support++
Windows 11 compatibility+no data
Unlocked multiplier+-


Information on Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F compatibility with other computer components: motherboard (look for socket type), power supply unit (look for power consumption) etc. Useful when planning a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. Note that power consumption of some processors can well exceed their nominal TDP, even without overclocking. Some can even double their declared thermals given that the motherboard allows to tune the CPU power parameters.

Number of CPUs in a configuration11
Thermal design power (TDP)65 Watt65 Watt

Technologies and extensions

Technological solutions and additional instructions supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F. You'll probably need this information if you require some particular technology.

Instruction set extensions86x MMX(+), SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, SSE4A,-64, AMD-V, AES, AVX, AVX2, FMA3, SHA, Precision Boost 2Intel® SSE4.1, Intel® SSE4.2, Intel® AVX2
Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)no data+
Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)no data+
Speed Shiftno data+
Turbo Boost Technologyno data2.0
Hyper-Threading Technologyno data+
TSXno data+
Idle Statesno data+
Thermal Monitoringno data+
Turbo Boost Max 3.0no data-

Security technologies

Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F technologies aimed at improving security, for example, by protecting against hacks.

TXTno data+
EDBno data+
Secure Keyno data+
OS Guardno data+

Virtualization technologies

Virtual machine speed-up technologies supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F are enumerated here.

AMD-V+no data
VT-dno data+
VT-xno data+
EPTno data+

Memory specs

Types, maximum amount and channel quantity of RAM supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F. Depending on the motherboards, higher memory frequencies may be supported.

Supported memory typesDDR4-3200DDR5-4800, DDR4-3200
Maximum memory size128 GB128 GB
Max memory channels22
Maximum memory bandwidth51.196 GB/s76.8 GB/s
ECC memory support-no data


Specifications and connection of peripherals supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F.

PCIe version4.05.0 and 4.0
PCI Express lanesno data20

Benchmark performance

Various benchmark results of the processors in comparison. Overall score is measured in points in 0-100 range, higher is better.

Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

Ryzen 5 5600X 21.82
i5-12400F 19.67
  • Passmark

Passmark CPU Mark is a widespread benchmark, consisting of 8 different types of workload, including integer and floating point math, extended instructions, compression, encryption and physics calculation. There is also one separate single-threaded scenario measuring single-core performance.

Benchmark coverage: 68%

Ryzen 5 5600X 21997
i5-12400F 19826

Gaming performance

Advantages and disadvantages

Performance rating 21.82 19.67
Novelty 8 October 2020 4 January 2022
Boost clock speed 4600 4400
Base clock speed 3700 2500

Judging by the results of synthetic and gaming tests, Technical City recommends

AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

Should you still have questions on choice between Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F, ask them in Comments section, and we shall answer.

Cast your vote

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Competitors of Ryzen 5 5600X by Intel

We believe that the nearest equivalent to Ryzen 5 5600X by Intel is Core i9-9900X, which is slower by 1% and lower by 2 positions in our rating.

Intel Core i9-9900X Core i9 9900X

Here are some closest Intel rivals to Ryzen 5 5600X:

Competitors of Core i5-12400F by AMD

We believe that the nearest equivalent to Core i5-12400F from AMD is Ryzen 5 5600G, which is nearly equal in speed and higher by 1 position in our rating.

AMD Ryzen 5 5600G Ryzen 5 5600G

Here are some closest AMD rivals to Core i5-12400F:

Similar processor comparisons

We picked several similar comparisons of processors in the same market segment and performance relatively close to those reviewed on this page.

User rating

Here you can see how users rate the processors, as well as rate them yourself.

4.4 2753 ratings

Rate AMD Ryzen 5 5600X on a scale of 1 to 5:

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4.2 594 ratings

Rate Intel Core i5-12400F on a scale of 1 to 5:

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Questions and comments

Here you can ask a question about Ryzen 5 5600X or Core i5-12400F, agree or disagree with our judgements, or report an error or mismatch.