Intel Core i5-12400F vs AMD Ryzen 5 5600X

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General info

Comparing Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F processor market type (desktop or notebook), architecture, sales start time and price.

Place in performance ranking384460
Place by popularity101
Value for money46.3899.53
Market segmentDesktop processorDesktop processor
SeriesAMD Ryzen 5no data
Architecture codenameVermeer (Zen 3)Alder Lake-S (2022)
Release date8 October 2020 (2 years old)4 January 2022 (1 year old)
Launch price (MSRP)$299no data
Current price$279 (0.9x MSRP)$113
Value for money

Performance per price, higher is better.

i5-12400F has 115% better value for money than Ryzen 5 5600X.

Technical specs

Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F basic parameters such as number of cores, number of threads, base frequency and turbo boost clock, lithography, cache size and multiplier lock state. These parameters indirectly say of CPU speed, though for more precise assessment you have to consider their test results.

Physical cores6 (Hexa-Core)6 (Hexa-Core)
Threads1212
Base clock speed3.7 GHz2.5 GHz
Boost clock speed4.6 GHz4.4 GHz
L1 cache64K (per core)80K (per core)
L2 cache512K (per core)1.25 MB (per core)
L3 cache32 MB18 MB (shared)
Chip lithography7 nmIntel 7 nm
Die size2x 80.7 + 125 (I/O) mm2163 mm2
Maximum core temperature95 °C100 °C
Maximum case temperature (TCase)95 °Cno data
64 bit support++
Windows 11 compatibility++
Unlocked multiplier+-

Compatibility

Information on Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F compatibility with other computer components: motherboard (look for socket type), power supply unit (look for power consumption) etc. Useful when planning a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. Note that power consumption of some processors can well exceed their nominal TDP, even without overclocking. Some can even double their declared thermals given that the motherboard allows to tune the CPU power parameters.

Number of CPUs in a configuration11
SocketAM4FCLGA1700
Power consumption (TDP)65 Watt65 Watt

Technologies and extensions

Technological solutions and additional instructions supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F. You'll probably need this information if you require some particular technology.

Instruction set extensions86x MMX(+), SSE, SSE2, SSE3, SSSE3, SSE4.1, SSE4.2, SSE4A,-64, AMD-V, AES, AVX, AVX2, FMA3, SHA, Precision Boost 2Intel® SSE4.1, Intel® SSE4.2, Intel® AVX2
AES-NI++
AVX++
Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)no data+
Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)no data+
Speed Shiftno data+
Turbo Boost Technologyno data2.0
Hyper-Threading Technologyno data+
TSXno data+
Idle Statesno data+
Thermal Monitoringno data+
Turbo Boost Max 3.0no data-

Security technologies

Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F technologies aimed at improving security, for example, by protecting against hacks.

TXTno data+
EDBno data+
Secure Keyno data+
OS Guardno data+

Virtualization technologies

Virtual machine speed-up technologies supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F are enumerated here.

AMD-V+no data
VT-dno data+
VT-xno data+
EPTno data+

Memory specs

Types, maximum amount and channel quantity of RAM supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F. Depending on the motherboards, higher memory frequencies may be supported.

Supported memory typesDDR4-3200DDR5-4800, DDR4-3200
Maximum memory size128 GB128 GB
Max memory channels22
Maximum memory bandwidth51.196 GB/s76.8 GB/s
ECC memory support-no data

Peripherals

Specifications and connection of peripherals supported by Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F.

PCIe version4.05.0 and 4.0
PCI Express lanesno data20

Synthetic benchmark performance

Various benchmark results of the processors in comparison. Overall score is measured in points in 0-100 range, higher is better.


Combined synthetic benchmark score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

Ryzen 5 5600X 17.40
+11.7%
i5-12400F 15.58

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 12% in our combined benchmark results.


Passmark

Passmark CPU Mark is a widespread benchmark, consisting of 8 different types of workload, including integer and floating point math, extended instructions, compression, encryption and physics calculation. There is also one separate single-threaded scenario measuring single-core performance.

Benchmark coverage: 68%

Ryzen 5 5600X 21935
+11.7%
i5-12400F 19633

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 12% in Passmark.

GeekBench 5 Single-Core

GeekBench 5 Single-Core is a cross-platform application developed in the form of CPU tests that independently recreate certain real-world tasks with which to accurately measure performance. This version uses only a single CPU core.

Benchmark coverage: 41%

Ryzen 5 5600X 2075
i5-12400F 2181
+5.1%

Core i5-12400F outperforms Ryzen 5 5600X by 5% in GeekBench 5 Single-Core.

GeekBench 5 Multi-Core

GeekBench 5 Multi-Core is a cross-platform application developed in the form of CPU tests that independently recreate certain real-world tasks with which to accurately measure performance. This version uses all available CPU cores.

Benchmark coverage: 41%

Ryzen 5 5600X 8611
i5-12400F 8864
+2.9%

Core i5-12400F outperforms Ryzen 5 5600X by 3% in GeekBench 5 Multi-Core.

Cinebench 10 32-bit single-core

Cinebench R10 is an ancient ray tracing benchmark for processors by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. Its single core version uses just one CPU thread to render a futuristic looking motorcycle.

Benchmark coverage: 20%

Ryzen 5 5600X 6462
i5-12400F 8389
+29.8%

Core i5-12400F outperforms Ryzen 5 5600X by 30% in Cinebench 10 32-bit single-core.

Cinebench 10 32-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 10 Multi Core is a variant of Cinebench R10 using all the processor threads. Possible number of threads is limited by 16 in this version.

Benchmark coverage: 20%

Ryzen 5 5600X 39331
i5-12400F 40690
+3.5%

Core i5-12400F outperforms Ryzen 5 5600X by 3% in Cinebench 10 32-bit multi-core.

3DMark06 CPU

3DMark06 is a discontinued DirectX 9 benchmark suite from Futuremark. Its CPU part contains two scenarios, one dedicated to artificial intelligence pathfinding, another to game physics using PhysX package.

Benchmark coverage: 19%

Ryzen 5 5600X 14576
+22.6%
i5-12400F 11892

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 23% in 3DMark06 CPU.

wPrime 32

wPrime 32M is a math multi-thread processor test, which calculates square roots of first 32 million integer numbers. Its result is measured in seconds, so that the less is benchmark result, the faster the processor.

Benchmark coverage: 19%

Ryzen 5 5600X 3.89
+4.9%
i5-12400F 4.08

Core i5-12400F outperforms Ryzen 5 5600X by 5% in wPrime 32.

Cinebench 11.5 64-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 11.5 Multi Core is a variant of Cinebench R11.5 which uses all the processor threads. A maximum of 64 threads is supported in this version.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

Ryzen 5 5600X 22
+6.7%
i5-12400F 20

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 7% in Cinebench 11.5 64-bit multi-core.

Cinebench 15 64-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 15 Multi Core is a variant of Cinebench R15 which uses all the processor threads.

Benchmark coverage: 15%

Ryzen 5 5600X 1968
+11.9%
i5-12400F 1759

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 12% in Cinebench 15 64-bit multi-core.

Cinebench 15 64-bit single-core

Cinebench R15 (standing for Release 15) is a benchmark made by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. It was superseded by later versions of Cinebench, which use more modern variants of Cinema 4D engine. The Single Core version (sometimes called Single-Thread) only uses a single processor thread to render a room full of reflective spheres and light sources.

Benchmark coverage: 15%

Ryzen 5 5600X 254
+4.1%
i5-12400F 244

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 4% in Cinebench 15 64-bit single-core.

Cinebench 11.5 64-bit single-core

Cinebench R11.5 is an old benchmark by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. It was superseded by later versions of Cinebench, which use more modern variants of Cinema 4D engine. The Single Core version loads a single thread with ray tracing to render a glossy room full of crystal spheres and light sources.

Benchmark coverage: 14%

Ryzen 5 5600X 2.95
i5-12400F 2.95

TrueCrypt AES

TrueCrypt is a discontinued piece of software that was widely used for on-the-fly-encryption of disk partitions, now superseded by VeraCrypt. It contains several embedded performance tests, one of them being TrueCrypt AES, which measures data encryption speed using AES algorithm. Result is encryption speed in gigabytes per second.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 5 5600X 10.7
+15.1%
i5-12400F 9.3

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 15% in TrueCrypt AES.

WinRAR 4.0

WinRAR 4.0 is an outdated version of a popular file archiver. It contains an internal speed test, using 'Best' setting of RAR compression on large chunks of randomly generated data. Its results are measured in kilobytes per second.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 5 5600X 13282
+69.9%
i5-12400F 7816

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 70% in WinRAR 4.0.

x264 encoding pass 1

x264 version 4.0 is a video encoding benchmark uses MPEG 4 x264 compression method to compress a sample HD (720p) video. Pass 1 is a faster variant that produces a constant bit rate output file. Its result is measured in frames per second, which means how many frames of the source video file were encoded per second.  

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 5 5600X 320
+26.7%
i5-12400F 253

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 27% in x264 encoding pass 1.

x264 encoding pass 2

x264 Pass 2 is a slower variant of x264 video compression that produces a variable bit rate output file, which results in better quality since the higher bit rate is used when it is needed more. Benchmark result is still measured in frames per second.  

Benchmark coverage: 13%

Ryzen 5 5600X 117
+15.4%
i5-12400F 101

Ryzen 5 5600X outperforms Core i5-12400F by 15% in x264 encoding pass 2.

Gaming performance

Advantages and disadvantages


Performance score 17.40 15.58
Recency 8 October 2020 4 January 2022
Boost clock speed 4600 4400
Base clock speed 3700 2500

The Ryzen 5 5600X is our recommended choice as it beats the Core i5-12400F in performance tests.


Should you still have questions on choice between Ryzen 5 5600X and Core i5-12400F, ask them in Comments section, and we shall answer.

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AMD Ryzen 5 5600X
Ryzen 5 5600X
Intel Core i5-12400F
Core i5-12400F

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