Intel Core i9-10900X vs AMD Ryzen 7 3700X

General info

Comparing Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X processor market type (desktop or notebook), architecture, sales start time and price.

Place in our rating
 
Value for money (0-100)
6.18
 
9.06
Market segment
Desktop processor
 
Desktop processor
Series
no data
 
AMD Ryzen 7
Architecture codename
Cascade Lake
 
Matisse (Zen 2)
Launch date
19 October 2019 (1 year ago)
 
7 July 2019 (1 year ago)
Launch price (MSRP)
no data
 
$329
Price now
$600
 
$409

Technical specs

Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X basic parameters such as number of cores, number of threads, base frequency and turbo boost clock, lithography, cache size and multiplier lock state. These parameters indirectly say of CPU speed, though for more precise assessment you have to consider their test results.

Physical cores
10 (Deca-Core)
 
8 (Octa-Core)
Threads
20
 
16
Base clock speed
3.7 GHz
 
3.6 GHz
Boost clock speed
4.7 GHz
 
4.4 GHz
L1 cache
64K (per core)
 
96K (per core)
L2 cache
1 MB (per core)
 
512K (per core)
L3 cache
19.25 MB (shared)
 
32 MB
Chip lithography
14 nm
 
7 nm
Maximum core temperature
94 °C
 
no data
Number of transistors
no data
 
19,200 million
64 bit support
+
 
+
Unlocked multiplier
+
 
+

Compatibility

Information on Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X compatibility with other computer components: motherboard (look for socket type), power supply unit (look for power consumption) etc. Useful when planning a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. Note that power consumption of some processors can well exceed their nominal TDP, even without overclocking. Some can even double their declared thermals given that the motherboard allows to tune the CPU power parameters.

Number of CPUs in a configuration
1
 
1 (Uniprocessor)
Socket
FCLGA2066
 
AM4
Thermal design power (TDP)
165 Watt
 
65 Watt

Technologies and extensions

Technological solutions and additional instructions supported by Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X. You'll probably need this information if you require some particular technology.

Instruction set extensions
Intel® SSE4.1, Intel® SSE4.2, Intel® AVX2, Intel® AVX-512
 
no data
AES-NI
+
 
+
AVX
+
 
+
Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)
+
 
no data
Turbo Boost Technology
2.0
 
no data
Hyper-Threading Technology
+
 
no data
Turbo Boost Max 3.0
+
 
no data

Security technologies

Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X technologies aimed at improving security, for example, by protecting against hacks.

TXT
+
 
no data
EDB
+
 
no data

Virtualization technologies

Virtual machine speed-up technologies supported by Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X are enumerated here.

AMD-V
-
 
+
VT-d
+
 
no data
VT-x
+
 
no data

Memory specs

Types, maximum amount and channel quantity of RAM supported by Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X. Depending on the motherboards, higher memory frequencies may be supported.

Supported memory types
DDR4-2933
 
DDR4 Dual-channel
Maximum memory size
256 GB
 
no data
Max memory channels
4
 
2
Maximum memory bandwidth
94 GB/s
 
51.196 GB/s

Peripherals

Specifications and connection of peripherals supported by Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X.

PCIe version
3.0
 
no data
PCI Express lanes
48
 
no data

Benchmark performance

Various benchmark results of the processors in comparison. Overall score is measured in points in 0-100 range, higher is better.

Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

i9-10900X 26.02 +0.2%
Ryzen 7 3700X 25.98

Passmark

Passmark CPU Mark is a widespread benchmark, consisting of 8 different types of workload, including integer and floating point math, extended instructions, compression, encryption and physics calculation. There is also one separate single-threaded scenario measuring single-core performance.

i9-10900X 22838 +0.2%
Ryzen 7 3700X 22803

Gaming performance

Let's see how good Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X are for gaming compared with game system requirements. Remember that sometimes official requirements may reflect real performance inaccurately. Also, your gaming PC must have a decent enough GPU to perform well.

i9-10900X satisfies the 100% minimum and 100% recommended requirements of all games known to us.

Minimum
100%
Recommended
100%
Minimum
100%
Recommended
100%

Ryzen 7 3700X satisfies the 100% minimum and 100% recommended requirements of all games known to us.

Minimum
100%
Recommended
100%
Minimum
100%
Recommended
100%

Advantages of Intel Core i9-10900X

0.2% better performance in benchmarks

Somewhat newer (19 October 2019 vs 7 July 2019)

Higher boost clock speed (4700 vs 4400 MHz)

Higher base clock speed (3700 vs 3600 MHz)

Intel 64 (64-bit Intel CPU architecture. Almost identical to AMD64, except small and rarely used nuances)

AES-NI (Advanced Encryption Standard New Instructions - additional instructions for hardware acceleration of AES encryption and decryption)

TXT (Trusted Execution Technology - protects the system against viruses and rootkits residing in BIOS or in a boot sector)

Advantages of AMD Ryzen 7 3700X

Cheaper ($409 vs $600)

Finer manufacturing process technology (7 vs 14 nm)

Lower power consumption (65W vs 165W), meaning that the rival with higher TDP might require a better cooler or other thermal solution.

AES (Advanced Encryption Standard instructions set - hardware acceleration of AES encryption and decryption. Speeds up encryption software, e.g. Veracrypt)

x86-64 (a general name for 64-bit extension of x86 instruction set. There are AMD64 and Intel 64 versions that differ very little)

Virtualization (Hardware acceleration of virtual machines)

So, which one is the better CPU?

Technical City couldn't decide between Intel Core i9-10900X and AMD Ryzen 7 3700X. The differences in performance seem too small.

Should you still have questions on choice between Core i9-10900X and Ryzen 7 3700X, ask them in Comments section, and we shall answer.

Cast your vote

Do you think we are right or mistaken in our choice? Vote by clicking "Like" button near your favourite CPU.

Intel Core i9-10900X
AMD Ryzen 7 3700X
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