Intel Core i7-4790K: specs and benchmarks

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Intel Core i7-4790K
Intel Core i7-4790K
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  • Interface
  • Core clock speed
  • Max video memory
  • Memory type
  • Memory clock speed
  • Maximum resolution
Year of release 2014
Performance 7.77

Summary

Intel started Intel Core i7-4790K sales 1 May 2014 at a recommended price of $339. This is Devil's Canyon architecture desktop processor primarily aimed at office systems. It has 4 cores and 8 threads, and is based on 22 nm manufacturing technology, with a max turbo frequency of 4400 MHz and an unlocked multiplier.

Compatibility-wise, this is FCLGA1150 processor with a TDP of 88 Watt and a maximum temperature of 72 °C. It supports DDR3 memory.

It provides poor benchmark performance at

7.77%

of a leader's which is AMD Ryzen Threadripper PRO 5995WX.

General info

Of Core i7-4790K processor market type (desktop or notebook), architecture, sales start time and pricing.

Place in performance rating806
Value for money2.67
Market segmentDesktop processor
SeriesCore i7 (Desktop)
Architecture codenameDevil's Canyon
Release date1 May 2014 (8 years ago)
Launch price (MSRP)$339of 305 (Core i7-870)
Price now$266 (0.8x MSRP)of 14999 (Xeon Platinum 9282)
Value for money

To get the index we compare the characteristics of the processors and their cost, taking into account the cost of other processors.

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Technical specs

Basic microprocessor parameters such as number of cores, number of threads, base frequency and turbo boost clock, lithography, cache size and multiplier lock state. These parameters can generally indicate CPU performance, but to be more precise you have to review its test results.

Physical cores4 (Quad-Core)
Threads8
Base clock speed4 GHzof 4.7 (FX-9590)
Boost clock speed4.4 GHzof 5.5 (Core i9-12900KS)
L1 cache64K (per core)of 1536 (EPYC Embedded 3401)
L2 cache256K (per core)of 12288 (Core 2 Quad Q9550)
L3 cache8 MB (shared)of 32 (Ryzen Threadripper 1998)
Chip lithography22 nmof 5 (Apple M1)
Die size177 mm2
Maximum core temperature74 °Cof 110 (Atom x7-E3950)
Maximum case temperature (TCase)72 °Cof 105 (Core i7-5950HQ)
Number of transistors1,400 millionof 57000 (Apple M1 Max)
64 bit support+
Windows 11 compatibility-
Unlocked multiplier+

Compatibility

Information on Core i7-4790K compatibility with other computer components and devices: motherboard (look for socket type), power supply unit (look for power consumption) etc. Useful when planning a future computer configuration or upgrading an existing one. Note that power consumption of some processors can well exceed their nominal TDP, even without overclocking. Some can even double their declared thermals given that the motherboard allows to tune the CPU power parameters.

Number of CPUs in a configuration1of 8 (Opteron 842)
SocketFCLGA1150
Thermal design power (TDP)88 Wattof 400 (Xeon Platinum 9282)

Technologies and extensions

Technological capabilities and additional instructions supported by Core i7-4790K. You'll probably need this information if you require some particular technology.

Instruction set extensionsIntel® SSE4.1, Intel® SSE4.2, Intel® AVX2
AES-NI+
AVX+
vPro+
Enhanced SpeedStep (EIST)+
My WiFi+
Turbo Boost Technology2.0
Hyper-Threading Technology+
TSX-
Idle States+
Thermal Monitoring+
SIPP-
FDI+

Security technologies

Processor technologies aimed at improving security, for example, by protecting against hacks.

TXT+
EDB+
Secure Key+
Identity Protection+
OS Guard+
Anti-Theft+

Virtualization technologies

Supported virtual machine optimization technologies. Some are specific to Intel only, some to AMD.

AMD-V+
VT-d+
VT-x+
EPT+

Memory specs

Types, maximum amount and channel number of RAM supported by Core i7-4790K's memory controller. Depending on the motherboard, higher memory frequency may be supported.

Supported memory typesDDR3of 4800 (Ryzen 9 6980HX)
Maximum memory size32 GBof 786 (Xeon E5-2670 v3)
Max memory channels2of 12 (Xeon Platinum 9221)
Maximum memory bandwidth25.6 GB/sof 281.6 (Xeon Platinum 9221)
ECC memory support-

Graphics specifications

General parameters of GPU integrated into Core i7-4790K.

Integrated graphics cardIntel HD Graphics 4600
Max video memory2 GB
Quick Sync Video+
Clear Video HD+
Graphics max frequency1.25 GHz
Execution Units20
InTru 3D+

Graphics interfaces

Available interfaces and connections of Core i7-4790K's integrated GPU.

Number of displays supported3
eDP+
DisplayPort+
HDMI+
DVI+
VGA+

Graphics image quality

Maximum display resolutions supported by Core i7-4790K's integrated GPU, including resolutions over different interfaces.

Max resolution over HDMI 1.43840x2160@24Hz
Max resolution over eDP3840x2160@60Hz
Max resolution over DisplayPort3840x2160@60Hz
Max resolution over VGA1920x1200@60Hz

Graphics API support

APIs supported by Core i7-4790K's integrated GPU, sometimes API versions are included.

DirectX11.2/12
OpenGL4.3

Peripherals

Specifications and connection types of supported peripherals.

PCIe version3.0
PCI Express lanes16of 128 (EPYC 7551P)

Benchmark performance

Single-core and multi-core benchmark results of Core i7-4790K. Overall benchmark performance is measured in points in 0-100 range, higher is better.


Overall score

This is our combined benchmark performance rating. We are regularly improving our combining algorithms, but if you find some perceived inconsistencies, feel free to speak up in comments section, we usually fix problems quickly.

i7-4790K 7.77
  • Passmark
  • GeekBench 5 Single-Core
  • GeekBench 5 Multi-Core
  • Cinebench 10 32-bit single-core
  • Cinebench 10 32-bit multi-core
  • 3DMark06 CPU
  • Cinebench 11.5 64-bit multi-core
  • Cinebench 15 64-bit multi-core
  • Cinebench 11.5 64-bit single-core
  • Cinebench 15 64-bit single-core
  • TrueCrypt AES
  • WinRAR 4.0
  • x264 encoding pass 2
  • x264 encoding pass 1
  • Geekbench 3 32-bit multi-core
  • Geekbench 3 32-bit single-core
  • Geekbench 2
  • 3DMark Fire Strike Physics
  • Geekbench 4.0 64-bit multi-core
  • Geekbench 4.0 64-bit single-core

Passmark

Passmark CPU Mark is a widespread benchmark, consisting of 8 different types of workload, including integer and floating point math, extended instructions, compression, encryption and physics calculation. There is also one separate single-threaded scenario measuring single-core performance.

Benchmark coverage: 68%

i7-4790K 8056

GeekBench 5 Single-Core

Benchmark coverage: 37%

i7-4790K 1059

GeekBench 5 Multi-Core

Benchmark coverage: 37%

i7-4790K 3943

Cinebench 10 32-bit single-core

Cinebench R10 is an ancient ray tracing benchmark for processors by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. Its single core version uses just one CPU thread to render a futuristic looking motorcycle.

Benchmark coverage: 20%

i7-4790K 6520

Cinebench 10 32-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 10 Multi Core is a variant of Cinebench R10 using all the processor threads. Possible number of threads is limited by 16 in this version.

Benchmark coverage: 19%

i7-4790K 25082

3DMark06 CPU

3DMark06 is a discontinued DirectX 9 benchmark suite from Futuremark. Its CPU part contains two scenarios, one dedicated to artificial intelligence pathfinding, another to game physics using PhysX package.

Benchmark coverage: 19%

i7-4790K 9485

Cinebench 11.5 64-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 11.5 Multi Core is a variant of Cinebench R11.5 which uses all the processor threads. A maximum of 64 threads is supported in this version.

Benchmark coverage: 17%

i7-4790K 9

Cinebench 15 64-bit multi-core

Cinebench Release 15 Multi Core (sometimes called Multi-Thread) is a variant of Cinebench R15 which uses all the processor threads.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

i7-4790K 846

Cinebench 11.5 64-bit single-core

Cinebench R11.5 is an old benchmark by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. It was superseded by later versions of Cinebench, which use more modern variants of Cinema 4D engine. The Single Core version loads a single thread with ray tracing to render a glossy room full of crystal spheres and light sources.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

i7-4790K 1.95

Cinebench 15 64-bit single-core

Cinebench R15 (standing for Release 15) is a benchmark made by Maxon, authors of Cinema 4D. It was superseded by later versions of Cinebench, which use more modern variants of Cinema 4D engine. The Single Core version (sometimes called Single-Thread) only uses a single processor thread to render a room full of reflective spheres and light sources.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

i7-4790K 174

TrueCrypt AES

TrueCrypt is a discontinued piece of software that was widely used for on-the-fly-encryption of disk partitions, now superseded by VeraCrypt. It contains several embedded performance tests, one of them being TrueCrypt AES, which measures data encryption speed using AES algorithm. Result is encryption speed in gigabytes per second.

Benchmark coverage: 13%

i7-4790K 5

WinRAR 4.0

WinRAR 4.0 is an outdated version of a popular file archiver. It contains an internal speed test, using 'Best' setting of RAR compression on large chunks of randomly generated data. Its results are measured in kilobytes per second.

Benchmark coverage: 12%

i7-4790K 5534

x264 encoding pass 2

x264 Pass 2 is a slower variant of x264 video compression that produces a variable bit rate output file, which results in better quality since the higher bit rate is used when it is needed more. Benchmark result is still measured in frames per second.  

Benchmark coverage: 12%

i7-4790K 52

x264 encoding pass 1

x264 version 4.0 is a video encoding benchmark uses MPEG 4 x264 compression method to compress a sample HD (720p) video. Pass 1 is a faster variant that produces a constant bit rate output file. Its result is measured in frames per second, which means how many frames of the source video file were encoded per second.  

Benchmark coverage: 12%

i7-4790K 189

Geekbench 3 32-bit multi-core

Benchmark coverage: 6%

i7-4790K 15557

Geekbench 3 32-bit single-core

Benchmark coverage: 6%

i7-4790K 4418

Geekbench 2

Benchmark coverage: 5%

i7-4790K 13779

3DMark Fire Strike Physics

Benchmark coverage: 4%

i7-4790K 10700

Geekbench 4.0 64-bit multi-core

Benchmark coverage: 3%

i7-4790K 16612

Geekbench 4.0 64-bit single-core

Benchmark coverage: 3%

i7-4790K 5104

Mining hashrates

Cryptocurrency mining performance of Core i7-4790K. Usually measured in megahashes per second.

Bitcoin / BTC (SHA256) 53 Mh/s  

Game benchmarks

Relative perfomance

Overall Core i7-4790K performance compared to nearest competitors among desktop CPUs.


AMD equivalent

We believe that the nearest equivalent to Core i7-4790K by AMD is Ryzen 5 2400GE, which is slower by 1% and lower by 11 positions in our rating.

AMD Ryzen 5 2400GE Ryzen 5 2400GE
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Here are some closest AMD rivals to Core i7-4790K:

Similar processors

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Recommended graphics cards

These graphics cards are most commonly used with Core i7-4790K according to our statistics.

User rating

Here is the rating given to the reviewed processor by our users. Let others know your opinion by rating it yourself.


4.3 790 ratings

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Questions and comments

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